Rather than keep this buried in an unrelated thread, I thought I would start a new one on how to locate the diagnostics to determine the Japanese Military Peso notes counterfeited by the Allies. The counterfeits are all from the first series of notes. In the images below, the genuine note is on the left and the counterfeit on the right.
50 centavos - the diagnostic is just below the upper right counter on the face. The curved line below the counter is solid on genuine notes but broken on the counterfeit.
1 peso - the diagnostic is in the scrollwork of the upper left counter. The fingers below the three circles are separate on the original but come together on the counterfeit.
5 peso - the diagnostic is below the upper right counter. The curved lines below the counter are separate on the original but come together on the counterfeit.
10 peso - the diagnostic is above the upper left...
On my way to Agrigento and the valley of temples, I stopped at this amazing Roman Villa, near Piazza Armerina called Villa Romana del Casale famous for it's well preserved floor and wall mosaics, one of which you may of heard of before the famous "Bikini Girls". This splendid hunting residence was thought to be owned by Maximianus Herculeus, built in the early part of the fourth century covering 3,500 square metres, they are one of the most important works of Roman art. The most impressive mosaics of the villa are the ones which decorate the floors in the atrium, baths, peristyles and above all in the Corridoio della Grande Cassia and in the Sala della Dieci Ragazze which depict hunting scenes of which it is thought the animals from all regions that were gathered and transported to amphitheatre's such as the Coliseum. What saved these wonderful mosaics was a mudslide which coverered the villa and protected it from most looting and the Vandal's.
LOOKS LIKE THEY HAD SOME MODESTY...
The Battle of Eutaw Springs
September 8, 1781
Nathanael Greene was George Washington’s most trusted subordinate. Whenever Washington was away from the Continental Army, he left Greene in charge.
After Horatio Gates suffered his humiliating defeat at Camden, Washington appointed Greene to take responsibility of the Continental Army’s southern operations. Greene faced a formidable challenge which went well beyond the military situation. Greene had to negotiate with the individual southern states to obtain horses, supplies and troops. He also had to deal with independent irregular units lead by Francis Marian (a.k.a. “The Swamp Fox”) and Thomas Sumter who would later have a famous fort named after him. Greene had to maneuver his forces over five states and keep the local Tories (British sympathizer irregular militias) in check. All of this required...
The word labyrs (also known as double headed axe or bipennis) comes from the word labyrinth (oh, how I WISH I had a labyrinth coin to share with you).
(Bronze Age axe from the tholos tombs of Messara in Crete.)
Wikipedia says, "Labrys (Greek: λάβρυς, lábrus) is, according to Plutarch (Quaestiones Graecae 2.302a), the Lydian word for the double-bitted axe called in Greek a πέλεκυς (pélekus). The relation with the...
Dear Friends of ancient mythology!
Recently (actually it was some years before!) I got this nice tetradrachm of Tigranes II. This should be the cause to write an article about the so-called Tyche of Antioch. I hope something will be new for you!
Kingdom of Armenia, Tigranes II, 95-56 BC
AR - tetradrachm, 16.68g, 27.18mm, 345°
struck in Antiochia ad Orontem
obv. Bust of Tigranes II, wearing Armenian tiara, r.; tiara ornamented with eight-pointed star between two eagles, decorated with 5 beaded pyramidal points
rev. BAΣIΛEΩΣ - TIΓPANOV
Tyche of Antioch in long garment and with veil, wearing mural crown, std. r. on rock,
resting with r. ellbow on r. knee and holding in r. hand long Palm branch; stg. with r. foot on shoulder of rivergod Orontes, who swims below her r; beneath waves
in r. field and left below on rock a monogram
all within laurel-wreath
ref. Bedoukian 17
This is one of the first depictions of this famous statue.
American Ambassador to France
The Franklin medal was Augustin Dupré’s personal tribute to his American friend, Benjamin Franklin. The piece honored Franklin’s contributions to science and his support of freedom against monarchal tyranny during the Revolutionary War. An example of the Franklin medal was included in the set of medals that Thomas Jefferson brought to America in 1790.
There are two versions of the Franklin medal. The 1784 medal features a bust of Franklin on the obverse surrounded by the legend, “BENJ. FRANKLIN BOSTON, XVII JAN. MDCCVI.” The translation is “Benjamin Franklin born in Boston January 12, 1706.” The reverse featured a winged genius, symbol of Franklin. The genius as a lighting bolt in his right hand. His left hand points to a crown and scepter dashed to the ground. There is a temple is in the background with a lighting rod on its roof....
I recently bought a rare and potentially extremely-valuable knife coin where the dealer was uncertain about its authenticity. It was marketed as a contemporary counterfeit because the consignor (a friend) had XRF data showing the coin to be majority lead. I liked contemporary counterfeits, the coin looked ancient enough, and the price was right, so I bought it. I know the collection, so I knew this coin had a pre-1990 provenance.
About a year and a half ago, I posted a thread where I worked through a logical analysis of exceedingly rare coins in an effort to authenticate them.
I think it would be interesting, as well as helpful to those interested in ancient Chinese coins, to repeat the same exercise for this coin.
I always start from “what do I see on the coin” and compare the observations to to what I would expect from a counterfeit or genuine coin. To...
Here is 10,000 mark note that made a subtle political statement, a German inflation era Vampire note. After the end of World War I, the Treaty of Versailles called for the German state to pay reparations for the war. The payments crippled the German Weimar Republic and sowed the seeds for World War II. It is truly amazing how stupid the diplomats of that era were.
Wartime inflation had already disrupted the German economy and had sent the Germans into an inflationary mind set. Between the end of the war in 1918 and 1919, the inflation rate was running at 20% per year. Between 1919 and 1921 prices for food and other basic essentials went up eight times for an average inflation rate of 400% per year.
In January 1922 the German Government introduced a 10,000 mark note which was the largest denomination at the time. This note featured a scowling portrait of German artist Albrecht Durer (1471 to 1528) with a thick neck. If...
Hello! Here is a piece I wanted to share with everyone. I'd also appreciate any opinions, feedback, or other examples of these small gold coins! It appears to have a lot of varying details and information online and I just wanted to try to compile everything here and see what looked right.
0.39 g | 8 mm
AV Vira Raya Fanam
Issued under the Zamorins of Kalicut and the Rajas of Cochin
Cochin Mint Type
N.D. circa 1600-1800
From Mitchiner's portion it appears to be a 1586 type; the gold fanam struck by the indigenous kingdoms of Kalicut...
Yet again we find ourselves in the midst of the Ghouls, Witches and Undead ready to slit each others bloodless throats at a moments notice. Though, enough about US politics it's the season of the WITCH, BABY!!! Time to celebrate all things spooky, ooky, cooky and macabre...ooky
In last years edition of CTGBITN we had plenty of blood curdling scares and terrors! If you would like to catch some serious fun and nightmare fodder check it out:
This year I will save you the history lesson on "all ghouls day" and get right to what you are all here for, THE VIOLENCE...I mean, the coins. Yes, of course, the coins
I started last years Creepshow off with one of Vlad "The Impaler" Tsepish (That is the real life Dracula for those with virgin necks) Grandpappys. So why not start this year off with his...
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