William the Conqueor penny, Spink 1257
William the Conqueror issued nice coins for the medieval period after he seized England in 1066. His coins were well made and came up to the legal standard with respect to the purity of their alloy. After William died in 1087, his son William II (a.k.a. Rufus) replaced him.
A somewhat better than average William II or "Rufus" penny struck with a broken obverse die. Spink 1261
Rufus’ coins were generally low quality pieces. The dies were often badly worn and there were questions as to whether or not the silver was up the legal standard. William’s bother, Robert pawned his kingdom, Normandy, to William for 10,000 marks. Since a mark at the time was worth 160 pence, that came to 1.6 million pence. Could this be reason why the quality of the British coinage reached a low state during this period?
A much better than average William II...
Firstly, I submit to your consideration a coin much like some of mine that you've seen in the past... or have you!?
The wonderful obverse ANT monogram is definitely for Antigonos. ... buuuut is that for Gonatas, as usually implied? Or Doson?
Is the NK related to the same NK as the ATGs?
What in the world is the monogram on the reverses top right? TNK(??)??
The reverse BAEL certainly claiming to be king.
And, the most obvious question of this marvel of ignominy is, whoes monogram is on the bottom of the reverse, DIE(?), Doson, some magistrate or place???
Antigonos II Gonatas
277/6-239 BC. Æ 18mm (3.85 g). Macedonian shield with monogram of Antigonos in central boss / Macedonian helmet; three monograms around. SNG Copenhagen 1222. Very fine. Ex: Savoca
The coins reverses upper left monogram surely resembles the NK that we saw half a century earlier in the name if Alexander the great. Unfortunately mine cuts off the bottom...
It was the blot on the American Revolution. It was the contradiction that undermined Thomas Jefferson’s soaring human rights rhetoric in the Declaration of Independence. It was the divisive issue that forced the framers of the Constitution insert language to preserve it, much to our embarrassment today. That source of national shame and mortification was slavery. Language concerning slavery appears four times in the U.S. constitution:
- Article I, sec. 9, clause 1 stated that the importation of slaves would continue for 20 years after the constitution was ratified, which legally, but not completely, ended the practice in 1808.
- Article V stated that no law could be passed to ban the importation of slaves until that same year. (Article V’s main function was the set forth the procedures for amending the Constitution.)
- Article IV, sec. 2 provided for a fugitive slave law which required that the states were obligated to return runaway slaves...
When I was a coin dealer, collectors often asked me, “Are there any anti-slavery Civil War tokens?” The answer is yes, but the number of varieties is lower than you might think given that slavery was the primary cause of the Civil War.
I believe that the number of abolitionist Civil War tokens (CWT for short) was limited because many northerners were ambivalent about fighting the war to free the slaves. During the early years of the war, the primary goal was to re-unite the Union. Emancipation was an objective for some, but for most Northern politicians, military leaders, and rank and file soldiers, restoring the Union was the primary objective.
That changed when Lincoln announced the Emancipation Proclamation in September 1862. That presidential order, which was couched as a “military necessity,” stated that slaves who were living in any state that was still in rebellion as of January 1, 1863 would henceforth be forever free.
That announcement did not...
This is my second ancient Celtic purchase. Admittedly, I know very little about Celtic coins. There are a half dozen on my hit list though. Since I first saw this type posted by @Eduard on 10/26/13 ("I like Roman coins, but I think like these even better: Celtic") this Celtic was at the top of the list. "Little Dancing Man" quinarii don't come up with great frequency and tend to be pricey. Recently there were two at auction which I hoped would stay within reach. This one did
CELTIC, Central Europe (Rhineland). "Dancing Mannikin" type
65 BCE - CE 1
AR Quinarius, 13 mm, 1.62 gm
Obv: dancing mannikin right, head turned left, holding snake in right hand, torque in left hand.
Rev: horse standing right, head turned left; around, zig zag border.
Ref: SLM 1118. Dembski 73, 396....
Dear Friends of mythology!
Coins with the depiction of Io I have found only from Gaza. On this coin she is named EIΩ on the left side of the rev. Why just from Gaza can't be explained for sure. The connection between Io and Gaza really is very thin. A possible approach could be the connection of Io to Egyptian deities like Isis or Hathor. Perhaps in Gaza ws a temple of Hathor which is not found until today (CNG). If that is true then the Greeks can well have identified her with Io.
Judaea, Gaza, Julia Domna, AD 193-211
AE 22, 6.18g, 0°
struck 206/7 (year 267 of the era of Gaza)
Obv.: IOVΛ[ I ]A - ΔOMNA
bust, draped, r.
Rev.: [EIΩ - Γ]AZA / ZΞC (year 267)
Io/Hathor, in long garment, stg. r., clasping hands with Tyche (City Goddess of
Gaza), stg. l, wearing long garment and mural crown and holding cornucopiae in
l. arm; between them Phoenician Mem, symbol of Marnas, the local god and Patron of Gaza
Ref.: BMC 128
about VF, flan damage at 10 o'clock....
I don’t consider myself to be a religious person, more “spiritual”. I know kind of hippie sounding but it’s as good a description as any. I grew up in a semi-religious family and had my share of exposure to stories from the bible.
Many coins from around the world have religious themes but my focus is on the coins of the German States. Coins minted before the German unification in 1871. A common image on these coins is the baptism of Christ by John the Baptist in Jordan. I honestly don’t know what drew me to these particular pieces aside from most of them being beautifully engraved.
SAXE-GOTHA-ALTENBURG 1692 Thaler
Gotha mint, Goppel-1135, Schnee-502
Obverse: John the Baptist baptizing Christ in Jordan
Obverse Legend: DIS IST MEIN LEIBER …
Reverse: 9-line inscription, large ornament above, crossed palm branches below divide date
Subject: Baptismal Thaler
Ruler: Friedrich II
3 KREUZER COIN - AUSTRIA - FERDINAND KARL - HABSBURG
Date: A.D. 1655
Obverse: Portrait crowned head right - FERDIN CAROL D:G ARCHID: AV: / 1655
Reverse: Two coat of arms (Further Austria and Tyrol), rossetta above and denomination below - COM: TYROLIS DVX BVRGVND (3)
This coin was minted after the regency of Regency of his mother Claudia de Medici. It is a variant with the date displayed vertically in front of bust.
Austrian Silver 3 Kreuzer Depicting Ferdinand Charles (Karl) of the House of Habsburg, Archduke of Further Austria, Duke of Burgundy, and Count of Tyrol. Obverse: FERDIN [ANDUS] CAROL[VS] • D[EI] : G[RATIA] • ARCHID[VX] : AV[STRIAE] : - Ferdinand Charles by the Grace of God, Archduke of Austria / Reverse: DVX • BVRGVND[IAE] : COM[ES] : TYROLIS - Duke of Burgundy and Count of Tyrol.
Brief History of the Habsburgs in Austria: it is hard to be brief when giving account of the House of Habsburg but...
As I have mentioned in a previous thread, many numismatists believe that this coin was issued in AD 160 to commemorate the birth of Marcus Aurelius' and Faustina II's daughter Annia Cornificia Faustina Minor, known simply as Cornificia.
Faustina Junior, Augusta AD 147-176
Roman AR denarius, 3.41 g, 18.1 mm, 12:00
Rome, December, AD 160.
Obv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, bare-headed and draped bust, right.
Rev: FECVND AVGVSTAE, Faustina (as Fecunditas) facing, head left, between two children (thought to represent Faustina III and Lucilla), holding two more in hand (thought to represent Fadilla and Cornificia).
Refs: RIC 676; BMCRE 89; Cohen 95; Strack 520e; RCV 5251; CRE 178; Dinsdale 005120.
She was either the ninth child born to the imperial couple or, more...
Let's talk about this 23rd day of August :
In Roman religion, Vulcan is a very ancient god, of uncertain origin: for some, coming from Ostia, he would be the ancient god of the Tiber; for others, it would be a Mediterranean god who entered the Roman religion through Etruria (cf. the Etruscan god Velchans). It appears in the oldest Roman calendars (known as "of Numa") and would have been introduced in Rome by Titus Tatius. Another tradition attributes to Romulus the consecration of the Volcano.
Jupiter Column in Arlon
Its oldest place of worship was the Volcanal or Area Volcani, leaning against the Capitol, above the Comitium, containing a sacred tree, which was considered to be contemporary with the birth of Rome, as well as the statues of Romulus and Horatius Cocles. In addition, Vulcan had a temple of more recent construction, outside the Pomerium, on the field of Mars, where the god stood...
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