Sigeium) was a city in Troas located at the mouth of the Scamander river near the entrance of the Hellespont. Map of the Troad. Source: J. Wallrodt. Fig. 5 Plan of the Stone Circles. Source: Blegen et al. 1958, fig. 369. Courtesy Carolyn Aslan of the Department of Classics, University of Cincinnati. Herodotus and Strabo note the city was founded in the 8th or 7th century BC by colonists from Mytilene. Colonists from Athens soon followed and conflict arose. By the end of the 7th century BC, the Athenians achieved control of the city through a peace treaty brokered by Periander son of Cypselus. Barclay Head dates the coins of Sigeion to the period B.C. 355-334, when the Athenian general Chares, son of Theochares, governed the city. While this date may be a little early -- Mitchell dates them to 335-334 BC -- Wroth notes that none of the coins can be dated later than circa 300 BC, for the city was besieged by Lysimachus in 302 BC, and shortly thereafter ceased to have an independent existence. By Strabo's time (the latter part of Augustus' reign), the city no longer existed, for it was destroyed by the people of Ilium some time after 189 BC, and he describes Sigeion as κατεσπασμένη πόλις, "a city which has been torn down." Its coinage is unmistakably Athenian in style. Barclay Head notes five coin types -- one silver and four bronze -- all of which depict an owl on the reverse. Four of these five depict Athena on the obverse and one depicts Zeus. This little coin is typical. There is an issue with a similar obverse, but larger and heavier, with a double-bodied owl on the reverse type, such as that in @zumbly 's collection. I can't help but wonder whether the double bodied owl indicates a denomination of twice the value of my single-bodied owl coin. Post anything you feel is relevant! Troas, Sigeion, c. 335 BC. Greek Æ 12.2 mm, 2.37 g, 5 h. Obv: Head of Athena facing slightly right, wearing triple crested helmet and necklace. Rev: ΣΙΓΕ, owl standing right, head facing; crescent to left. Refs: BMC 17.86,7-10; SNG von Aulock 7637; SNG Ashmolean 1214–6; SNG Copenhagen 496–8; Sear 4145. ~~~ 1. Herodotus 5.94.1, Strabo 13.1.38. 2. Herodotus 5.95.2. 3. Head, Barclay V., et al. Historia Numorum: a Manual of Greek Numismatics. Clarendon Press, 1911, p. 549. Fully digital version available online here, courtesy of @Ed Snible. 4. S. Mitchell, "Sigeion" in M.H. Hansen and T.H. Nielsen (eds.), An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis (Oxford, 2004) no. 791, p. 1014. 5. Wroth, Warwick. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum: Troas, Aeolis and Lesbos. London, Gilbert and Rivington, 1894, p. xxxiii. 6. Strabo 13.1.31; English version here. 7. Head, op. cit., p. 549.