Featured Roman Provincial Coin Cities-- How many can we cover?

Discussion in 'Ancient Coins' started by TIF, Jul 23, 2017.

  1. Alegandron

    Alegandron "ΤΩΙ ΚΡΑΤΙΣΤΩΙ..." ΜΕΓΑΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΣ, June 323 BCE Supporter

    Ah, yes, it is an Ant! I quickly copied a greenie thinking provincial. Thanks!
     
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  3. Roman Collector

    Roman Collector Supporter! Supporter

    D is for Deultum:

    Mamaea Deultum lion.jpg
    Julia Mamaea, AD 222-235
    Roman provincial Æ 19.7 mm, 5.54 g
    Thrace, Deultum, AD 222-235
    Obv: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, diademed and draped bust right
    Rev: C F P D, lion walking right
    Refs: Moushmov 3624; Varbanov 2382; BMC --


    Tranquillina Deultum.jpg
    Tranquillina AD 241-244
    Roman provincial Æ 24.1 mm, 8.06 g
    Thrace, Deultum, AD 241-244
    Obv: SAB TRANQVILLINA AVG, diademed and draped bust, right
    Rev: COL FL PAC DEVLT, Marsyas as Silenus facing right, carrying wine skin over left shoulder and raising right arm
    Refs: Moushmov 3757; Youroukova 425, 4/II; cf. SNG Cop 549
     
    Last edited: Jul 29, 2017
  4. Brian Bucklan

    Brian Bucklan Well-Known Member

    Diocaesarea Cilicia: Trajan with a triskeles reverse.

    Trajan Diocaesarea CT.jpg
     
  5. Roman Collector

    Roman Collector Supporter! Supporter

    One more from Deultum:

    Mamaea Deultum Homonoia.JPG
    Julia Mamaea, AD 222-235
    Roman provincial Æ 23.4 mm, 9.73 g
    Thrace, Deultum, AD 222-235
    Obv: IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, diademed and draped bust right
    Rev: COL FL PAC DEVLT, Homonoia standing left, holding phiale and cornucopiae
    Refs: Varbanov 2337; Moushmov 2623; Jurukova 164; SNG Bobokov 535
     
  6. Roman Collector

    Roman Collector Supporter! Supporter

    Backtracking! We forgot Claudia Leucas!

    Trajan and Plotina.jpg
    Claudius and Agrippina II vs Trajan and Plotina
    Roman Provincial AE 15.2 mm, 3.06 gm
    Syria: Coele-Syria, Claudia Leucas (Balanea)
    Obv: ΛΕVΚΑΔΙωΝ, radiate head of emperor, right
    Rev: ΤωΝΚΑI ΚΛΑVΔΙΑΙωΝ, head of empress, right, wearing crescent.
    Refs: SGI 508; BMC 20, p. 296, no. 1, pl. XXXVII, 1; Lindgren I 2180; RPC I 4465

    Sear and the British Museum attribute this issue to Claudius and Agrippina II.

    However, as noted by Imhoof-Blumer, and reiterated by RPC, the obverse bust has Trajan's features, with a similarity to other coins of Trajan from Claudia Leucas (Balanea) and they attribute it to Trajan and Plotina. In addition, the reverse has the facial features and hairstyle of Plotina.
     
  7. TIF

    TIF Always learning. Supporter

    Another backtrack, although I wonder if this lead tessera should be included at all?

    Antinoöpolis

    [​IMG]
    EGYPT, Antinoöpolis. Antinous
    2nd-3rd centuries CE
    PB tessera, 25 mm, 7.63 gm, 11h
    Obv: draped bust of Antinous right, wearing hem-hem crown; crescent before, AN behind
    Rev: Serapis standing right, head left, raising hand and holding scepter; to left, ЄYC/YBA/[...]
    Ref: Peus 386 (26 April 2006), lot 759 (same dies); Milne –; Dattari (Savio) –; Köln –
     
  8. Roman Collector

    Roman Collector Supporter! Supporter

    And Colonia Romula, which is modern day Seville.

    Augustus and Livia Hispalis.jpg
    Augustus, 27 BC - AD 14 and Livia, AD 14-29
    Roman provincial AE 31 mm, 21.48 g
    Spain, Hispalis, Colonia Romula, AD 14-29
    Obv: PERM DIVI AVG COL ROM, radiate head of Augustus right; thunderbolt before, star above
    Rev: IVLIA AVGVSTA GENETRIX ORBIS, head of Livia, left; globe beneath, crescent above
    Refs: RPC-73; SGI-189; Heiss 393, 2; Cohen 169, 3; Alvarez-Burgos 1587; Lindgren II 69; SNG Tubingen 118; SNG Copenhagen 423.13.35
     
  9. ancientone

    ancientone Well-Known Member

    Such a rare and historically significant coin. Provincial all the way.


    Dium(Dion,Dio), Macedonia, is located at the base of Mount Olympus. It is known for the most important Macedonian sanctuary dedicated to Zeus and gets it's name from Dios, meaning "of Zeus".
    DiumMarcus.jpg
    Macedon, Dium. Marcus Aurelius, 161-180 AD. AE 24
    Obv: Laureate head right.
    Rev: Athena standing holding patera and spear.
    AE 24 (12.55 gm).
    Lindgren 1059. WW.

    Dionysopolis
    gordiandion3.jpg
    Moesia, Dionysopolis. Gordian III AE26
    Gordian III AE26 from Dionysopolis. Laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right / Sarapis standing left holding patera & cornucopia, flaming altar at feet.

    Docimeium
    Docimeion.jpg
    Phrygia, Docimeium. Gordian III AE30. Athena Alkidemos.
    Obv: M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC AVΓ, draped laureate right.
    Rev: ΔOKIMEΩN MAKEΔONΩN, Athena Alkidemos.
    RPC 744
     
  10. ancientone

    ancientone Well-Known Member

    Late C.

    Ceramus
    Keramus.jpg
    Caria, Ceramus. Antonininus Pius AE33 Zeus Chrysaoreus
    Ceramus; Asia: Conventus of Alabanda; Caria. Laureate head of Antoninus Pius with traces of drapery, l. Zeus (Chrysaoreus) standing, facing, head, l., holding patera over eagle and long sceptre. BMC Caria, Pl. XII
    Magistrate P. Ailios Themistokles Protoleontos, arxas (ex-archon?)
    ΑΥΤΟΚ ΚΑΙΣ ΑΝΤΩΝΙΝΟΝ ΣΕΒ ΕΥ (facing outward) / ΑΙΛΙ ΘΕΜΙΣΤΟΚΛΗΣ ΠΡΩΤΟΛΕ ΑΡΞ ΚΕΡΑΜΙΗΤΩΝ
    33 mm. 19.91 g
     
  11. John Anthony

    John Anthony Ultracrepidarian Supporter

    I haven't had time over the past few days to participate, and you guys have left me in the dust, so I have to do some backtracking as well. Here is an issue of Hadrian from Akko Ptolemais, which is modern-day Acre, a city in northern Israel on the Mediterranean Sea. Acre is one of the rare natural harbors on the coast of Israel, and throughout history was a juncture between overland and sea trade routes. Because of its advantageous location, Acre is one of the oldest occupied cities in history, being continuously inhabited since the Middle Bronze Age. It makes you realize that ancient coins aren't really all that ancient.

    This is one of those crusty Levantine provincials that might be difficult to attribute if significant portions of the legends were missing. The bust does not look much like Hadrian, but there is his name over the top of it. On the reverse we clearly see Tyche with a cornucopia and rudder. Again, it might be difficult to nail down the mint, but we have COL on the left and PTOL on the right, COLONIA PTOLEMAIS. The city was known as Acco to its natives, a word perhaps deriving from the ancient Canaanite word adco, meaning "border." The Greeks referred to it as Ake, meaning "cure," as Heracles was said to have found some healing herbs there. After Alexander the Great's conquest, the name was changed to Antiochia Ptolemais, and eventually shortened by the Romans to simply Ptolemais. So I suppose you could file it under A or P. Anyway, here is the crusty little coin. Not much to look at, but not exactly a dime-a-dozen either!

    akko 6.jpg
     
    Last edited: Jul 30, 2017
  12. John Anthony

    John Anthony Ultracrepidarian Supporter

    Mt. Argaeus was by far the most repeated theme on the coinage of Caesarea Cappadocia. It is found on almost every denomination of every emperor. A few people have already posted their examples. Here is a drachm of Gordian III...

    gordian 6.jpg

    Mt. Argaeus is known today as Mt. Erciyes...

    Erciyes_Dagi.jpg

    A lesser known reverse type appears around the time of Trajan, bound ears of corn. These are far less common than the mountain, and they suggest that that corn played an important role in the agricultural economy of the region. Here are coins of Severus Alexander, with three ears, and Gordian III, with six...

    2 caesarea cap k.jpg
     
  13. John Anthony

    John Anthony Ultracrepidarian Supporter

    Cremna was a city in Pisidia, of which very little is known. Its site was identified in 1874, but very little of its structures remain - just heaps of stones. Here's a really obscure one: Geta of Cremna with Mida seated reverse. Mida?...

    Mida, the Greek goddess of oaths, was principally worshipped in Phrygia. She was often equated with the earth and mother goddess Cybele - whose form she takes on this coin. Evidence of her worship, in fact, has caused one of the great archeological misconceptions of the modern era: the discovery of what was believed to be the tomb of King Midas at the site of Midas Sehr in the 19th Century was, in fact something less remarkable: a shrine dedicated to Mida as the equivalent of Cybele. - Asia Minor Coins

    geta cremna 6.jpg
     
  14. chrsmat71

    chrsmat71 I LIKE TURTLES! Supporter

    I got no "D" provincials.

    [​IMG]
     
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  15. TIF

    TIF Always learning. Supporter

    Time flies! It's E-Day.

    Ephesus

    Marker 7 on this map:
    Screen Shot 2017-07-31 at 7.49.33 AM.png

    An AE tessera
    [​IMG]
    IONIA, Ephesus. Anonymous
    c. CE 1st century
    Æ tessera, 19mm, 5.14 g
    Obv: CKωΠI, stage kneeling left, head right; E to left, Φ to right
    Rev: KHPIΛICωΔEΠPOCΠAΛVPIN surrounding a bee
    Ref: SNG Copenhagen 355; BMC 186; SNG von Aulock 1875

    Emesa

    Marker 14 on this map:
    Screen Shot 2017-07-31 at 7.53.08 AM.png

    APi-Syria-Emesa-TIF.jpg
    SYRIA, Seleucis and Pieria. Emesa. Antoninus Pius
    AD 138-161
    Æ24, 12.06 gm, 11h
    Obv: Laureate head right
    Rev: Eagle, holding wreath in beak, standing right, head left, on baetyl of El-Gabal
    Ref: SNG Copenhagen 309 (Γ in right field of rev.); SNG München 811 var. (Є in right field of rev.); BMC 1-7 (various letters on rev.)

    Edessa

    Marker 18 on this map:
    Screen Shot 2017-07-31 at 7.57.12 AM.png

    [​IMG]
    MESOPOTAMIA, Edessa. Gordian III
    struck CE 242-244
    AE25, 10.7 gm
    Obv: [ AVT K M] ANT GORDIANOC CEB, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust of Gordian III seen from behind; star before
    Rev: ABGAROC BACILEUC; mantled bust of Abgar r., bearded, wearing Parthian-style tiara with rosette; star behind
    Ref: BMC 144; SNG Cop 225

    [​IMG]
    MESOPOTAMIA, Edessa. Elagabalus
    CE 218-222
    AE27, 15 gm
    Obv: AVT K M A ANTΩNEINOC; radiate cuirassed bust left, holding shield and raising right hand.
    Rev: AVP ........ EΔECCA; Tyche seated left on rock, holding corn ears; to left a column surmounted by a statue of Marsyas, river god swimming right at feet
    Ref: Mionnet supplement 8, 26. Very rare. Mionnet is the only work which lists this coin.
     
  16. Bing

    Bing Illegitimi non carborundum Supporter

    Septimius Severus 18.jpg
    SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
    AR Denarius
    OBVERSE: IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I-I laureate head right
    REVERSE: SAECVL FELICIT dot,
    seven stars & crescent
    Struck at Emesa, 194-195 AD
    2.95g, 17.5mm
    RIC 417
     
  17. TIF

    TIF Always learning. Supporter

    Hmm. Well, I think this is an Imperial issue but you could argue for provincial, I guess.

    Have any of you noticed the alternate/improved version of Wikipedia, Wikiwand? I came across it the other day while looking for more information on provincial vs imperial coins. Here's a fantastic page which has a timeline of when the various provinces were added, beginning in the Republican era:

    http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Roman_province
     
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  18. Ed Snible

    Ed Snible Well-Known Member

    elaia-both.jpg
    Aiolis, Elaia / Elaea, Hadrian (117-138 AD), AE15 2.78g
    Obv: [ΑΥ ΤΡ]ΑΙΑ [ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟС]; Bust
    Rev: ΕΛΑΙΤΩΝ; Kalathos containing poppy heads and grain ears
    Lindgren and Kovacs 407
    Alex G. Malloy, Auction LXIII, November 2001, lot 296.

    Elaia was located near the modern town of Zeytindağ, İzmir Province, Turkey. The coins depict poppies, which suggests that the city was involved in the manufacture of opium, but this is not documented.
     
    Last edited: Jul 31, 2017
  19. lrbguy

    lrbguy Well-Known Member

    Thank you for pointing out that link, TIF. It is not only useful, I found it fascinating to finally see the overall design of administration.
     
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  20. TIF

    TIF Always learning. Supporter

    You're welcome! I'm still exploring the information on those pages. It is nice to see the timeline laid out so well. It's also thoroughly confusing my notion of what is and isn't a provincial coin!

    Bing's last post, for instance: a Septimius Severus denarius deemed struck in Emesa. It looks like a typical Imperial issue: Latin legends, the design (minor style differences aside). So what is it? Imperial? Provincial? Was it struck in Emesa for circulation in Emesa? Why would Imperial-style coins with Imperial-style denominations be created alongside Provincial-style (local style) designs and denominations?

    Clearly I have a lot more reading to do about this. Hopefully @dougsmit will weigh in when he once again has decent internet service and has rested.
     
  21. IdesOfMarch01

    IdesOfMarch01 Well-Known Member

    I actually have a "provincial" coin from Ephesus:

    E2 - Marc Antony & Octavian AV aureus.jpg

    MARC ANTONY & OCTAVIAN, 42 B.C.
    AV Aureus (8.12 gm.) Ephesus mint, 41 B.C. Crawford 517/1
    M ANT IMP AVG III VIR R P C M BARBAT Q P Bare head of Marc Antony right. Rev. CAESAR IMP PONT III VIR R P C Bare head of Octavian right.
     
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