Bohemia Přemysl Ottokar I, r. 1192-3, 1197-1230 (1198-1230) AR Denar, 18.70 mm x 1.1 grams Obv.: + VSCES[…]VM. Winged figure/angel r. holding lance fighting a dragon Rev.: +SCS NSN. Bust of Ottokar facing with raised hands between two towers of a stylized building Ref.: Frynas B.22.6 (This coin depicted), De Wit 2764 (This coin), (Cach 659, Šmerda 296) Ex. Richard A. Jourdan Collection, Ex. Prof. G.W. De Wit Collection, Ex. Marquis von Hohenkubin Collection Note: Issued as King of Bohemia, beginning the hereditary line of Bohemian kings Photo from CNG 464 As I mentioned in the title, this coin has an interesting pedigree. To my knowledge, it first appeared in the collection of the Marquis von Hohenkubin, Albrecht Kubinzky. The Kubinzky family seems to have originated in Hungary, but moved to Prague in the 18th century.  The Kubinzky family was of the Judaic faith and became wealthy cotton magnates which enabled Albrech Kubinzky to gain the title of Marquis von Hohenkubin from the Austrian empire in 1912.  The Marquis subsequently purchased a palace in Vienna (the Palais Henckel von Donnersmarck) in 1917, and while it was said he rarely lived there, it was this residence that was on record for his fellowship at the Royal Numismatic Society.  While I cannot say for certain when the coin entered into the Marquis’ collection, he was certainly active in numismatics between 1937 and 1947 when he was an Austrian overseas member of the Royal Numismatic Society. . As you can imagine, these years would be rather turbulent times for a jewish man (or one of jewish descent) living in Austria, and his palace certainly was vacant, as the Nazis sacked and looted it at some point. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives has a copy of “Correspondence from the Museum of Fine Arts regarding the private collection of Spanish citizen and “Mischling” (of part-Jewish ancestry) Marquis de Hohenkubin” which includes a “Request to “temporarily” relocate his private collection to the Museum’s depot.” . It is unknown if this coin was a part of the ‘relocation,’ as the Marquis was active in collecting other arts, some of which have become a part of the collection of the British Museum.  His coin collection either stayed in his possession, was returned to him, or was formed after his palace was taken in World War II. This coin and his collection passed to his descendants after his death in 1972, who then sold the Bohemian portion of the collection (where this coin was purchased) at Lanz Graz Auktion XIII on 23 November, 1979. The purchaser of this Denier was Professor G. W. De Wit, whose ownership was the real inspiration for me wanting the coin. There is no good single guide to Medieval coinage, but De Witt’s collection, sold by Künker over the course of three auctions in 2007-8 (Künker 121, 130, 137, and a fourth catalogue of English Sceattes which were sold privately to the FitzWilliam Museum in Cambridge) serves as one of the best overviews of the wide variety of medieval coins available.  De Wit began his coin collection in 1965 due to a love of Medieval Art. He initially focused on the coins of Italy, but quickly expanded to include all of Europe in the medieval period, and amassed a collection of some 4737 pieces. Looking at the Bohemian section of the catalogue (Künker 130), many of the Bohemian pieces came from the Lanz Graz auction of the Marquis von Hohenkubin Collection. I have recently purchased a copy of the de Wit catalogues, but due to the COVID-19 pandemic, shipping has been delayed. I may not see it arrive for another two months. The excellent photographs provided by Künker have then seen this coin appear in other publications. Fórum Numismatas, a Portuguese coin forum, has several guides to medieval coins which have been posted by forum members, which I have found to be useful starting points for various areas of medieval coins (such as Bohemia, Crusaders, and Armenian coins).  Unfortunately trying to find these guides via the forum is quite difficult, as there is no search function (unless one has to register in order to access it). I’ve instead found these through simple google searches; the relevant one for Bohemia is found here. I was a bit surprised to once again find my coin within this little internet guide as I was trying to research more about it, and Bohemian coins in general. But perhaps a more impressive catalogue which pictures this coin is Jędrzej George Frynas’ Medieval Coins of Bohemia, Hungary, and Poland (which I have reviewed here). This is a great little English reference for the coins of Bohemia, but since I’ve already given it a thorough review (and this post is getting rather long), I’ll simply continue with my established pattern and give a picture: From the De Witt sale, this coin was then purchased by Richard A Jourdan. Jourdan was inspired to start a collection of medieval coins after reading Philip Grierson’s book Coins of Medieval Europe (which I have also reviewed here). . The collection was sold in two auctions, the TRITON XXIII auction, and CNG’s auction 464 which is where I acquired the coin (for probably more than it was worth, but again, I bought it for the provenance…). It now resides in the FitzNigel Collection.  “Marquis Kubinzky von Hohenkubin,” The International Institute of Nobility, accessed 9 May 2020, http://www.nobility.eu/familie.php?id_familie=18392.  Giles Macdonogh, “In Search of Vienna’s Vanished Jewish Elite,” Standpoint, 21 Feb. 2012, accessed 9 May, 2020, https://standpointmag.co.uk/issues/...e-giles-macdonogh-rinstrasse-zwieback-family/.  “Palais Henckel von Donnersmarck,” Wikipedia, accessed 9 May 2020, https://de.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palais_Henckel_von_Donnersmarck. ; "THE ROYAL NUMISMATIC SOCIETY: PATRON HIS MAJESTY THE KING: LIST OF FELLOWS December 31, 1944." The Numismatic Chronicle and Journal of the Royal Numismatic Society 4, no. 1/4 (1944): 1-12. Accessed April 26, 2020. www.jstor.org/stable/42663381.  R.A.G. Carson, A History of the Royal Numismatic Society 1836-1986 (London: Royal Numismatic Society, 1986) 123.  “Finding Aid RG-17 Austria,” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives, accessed 9 May 2020, https://collections.ushmm.org/findingaids/RG-17.027M_01_fnd_en.pdf.  “Collection Results: Marquis Hohenkubin,” The British Museum, accessed 9 May 2020, https://www.britishmuseum.org/colle...nkubin&view=grid&sort=object_name__asc&page=1.  Künker, The de Wit Collection of Medieval Coins, Auktion 121, 130, 137 (Osnabrück: Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG, 2007-8). Künker, The de Wit Collection of Medieval Coins: Part IV: The Sceattas Now Part of the Fitzwilliam Museum Collection, Cambridge (Osnabrück: Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG, 2008). All four of these catalogues are freely available on the Issuu app.  Fórum Numismatas, accessed 9 May, 2020, http://www.numismatas.com/phpBB3/.  “CNG’s Electronic Auction 464,” Coins Weekly, accessed 9 May, 2020, https://coinsweekly.com/cngs-electronic-auction-464/.