Philip II of Macedon reigned 359–336 BC. AE18 Obv: Diademed head of Apollo right Rev: ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Youth on horseback right; thunderbolt before. Ref: SNG ANS 880 Size: 17.5 mm (7.41 gm) A veteran of many battles, in 355-354 BC, while attacking the city of Methone, Phillip’s right eye was injured by an arrow and had to be removed using a Spoon of Diocles. This device was invented by Diocles, a Greek physician from Carystus a city on Euboea, and in the article below we can read: “Celsus says this instrument was developed to remove wide barbed missiles”. This survey of medical implements in ancient Rome – helps to illustrate the torment that medicine offered in Phillip’s time: https://www.ucl.ac.uk/~ucgajpd/medicina antiqua/sa_ArchaeologicalRemains.pdf This eye injury and other battle wounds of Philip II weighed for both sides in a 30-year debate about remains found in Tomb II unearthed in 1977 at Aegae or Aigai (near modern Vergina) and whether or not the occupant was Phillip II. There is a long (maybe appropriately, torturously long) article of the back and forth here: http://dx.doi.org/10.12681/tekmeria.216 and a 2015 writeup assessing the bones - here: https://doi.org/10.1002/oa.2459 This last article mentioned, concludes from the remains from Tomb II: the evidence indicates that “the man in the chamber is Philip II of Macedon, the father of Alexander the Great, and the woman in the antechamber his seventh wife or concubine, the daughter of Scythian king Atheas”. Posting this in the hope that others on CT will share pictures and stories of Philip II and other Macedonian Kings and their coins.