Discussion in 'Ancient Coins' started by JayAg47, Jan 21, 2021.
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I don’t know exactly what you would find interesting, but this is a popular type.
It’s nice with rulers that focus on their heritage rather than perpetual war and genocide too.
Divus Antoninus Pius
Bronze Sestertius 30mm (23.46 grams) Rome mint, struck circa 161 A.D.
Struck under Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus,
DIVVS ANTONINVS, Bare head right.
DIVO - PIO / S - C, Column of Antoninus Pius surmounted by statue of Pius holding eagle and scepter.
Antoninus Pius As, 154-155
Rome or Britain. Bronze, 8.63g. ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XVIII. Britannia seated left on rock, resting head on hand; arms in background, BRITANNIA - COS IIII, SC in exergue (RIC III 934).
These were minted for circulation in Britain sometime after Lollius Urbicus's victories against the tribes around the Antonine Wall. They were either struck in Rome and shipped to Britain, or even struck in Britain from dies cut in Rome. The lighter ones (under 8.8g) are cruder and on inferior flans, and thought likely to be minted in Britain.
Britannia has her hand on her head - thought either to be in peaceful contemplation of Rome's protection or in sorrow at Britain's defeat. The shield reminds the British of the protection the Roman army gives them on the northern frontier.
@JayAg47, seeking a reverse type that doesn't depict a god in a generic pose; I'd consider a CONSECRATIO reverse or an ANNONA reverse like mine below.
Obverse: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III; laureate head right.
Reverse: ANNONA AVG; Modius with four-grain ears and a poppy.
RIC III 62a
Of those I don't have, the one I would most like is the big pig. Someone here has one.
Would you say that the most interesting coins of Antoninus Pius and Commodus are their bronze coins?
I have a soft spot for this coin. The deity isn’t «just standing around», but serving fruit.
Which is perhaps not very interesting, but at least rather pleasant.
Antoninus Pius Æ Sestertius
(139 A.D.) Aurum Coronarium
ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head rt. / [PARTHIA] [COS II (in ex.)] S [C ], Parthia standing left, holding crown, bow & quiver on ground.
RIC 586 (R); Cohen 572; BMCRE IV 1191; Strack 792
(24.39 grams / 30 mm)
Sear: "The remarkable inclusion of a rival state in this series commemorating provincial tax relief would seem to suggest that the Parthians were subject to some form of financial obligation to the Roman government consequent of
Trajan's capture of Ctesiphon in AD 115 and the loss of the celebrated golden throne of the Arsacids"
From the same series, also in lousy shape, Cappadocia - note Mt. Argaeus to the left at feet:
Antoninus Pius Æ Sestertius
(139 A.D.) Aurum Coronarium
ANT[ONI]NVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head right /[CAPPADOCIA] [COS II] in ex.,
Cappadocia standing left, holding crown & vexillum, Mt. Argaeus with star above at left of her feet.
RIC III 1056 (RIC 580 (R)).
(23.34 grams / 31 x 29 mm)
"Hadrian's successor Antoninus Pius also issued a 'provincial' series of coins, in this case to celebrate the remission of half of the aurum coronarium ('crown-gold'). This was a demand made by the emperor on the communities of the Empire (and sometimes even on foreign states) at the time of his accession and on certain anniversaries of his rule. Antoninus' remission of half of this burdensome tax at the time he came to the throne was greeted with much enthusiasm and led to the production of an extensive series of aes coinage depicting crown-bearing personifications of various provinces (and even of the Parthian kingdom)." David Sear, Roman Coins and their Values, Volume 1, The Millennium Edition
Rome, 143 - 144 AD
26 x 29 mm, 10.700 g
RIC III 736A; Sear 4293;
Ob.: ANTONINVS AVG-PIVS P P TR P COS III laureate head right
Rev.: IMPERATOR II, in exergue (ANCILIA) Two ancilia, S - C
My sestertius of Pius RIC III 774
Here's my sestertius with folks standing, sitting, giving, taking, counting.
@Romancollector very, very interesting!
This façade is part of the back to back Temples of Venus and Roma near the Colosseum
The site today
What it may have looked like back in 141 AD when it was dedicated. It should be noted that the building did not receive universal praise when built. Critics stated that the seated cult statues should they try to stand would hurt their heads going through the roof. There are numerous coins minted by Hadrian that have very interesting and thought provoking reverses. I have already seen a few posted on this thread and I know there are many others.
This one looks like a goddess standing around, but the coin likely commemorates the birth of Fadilla to Faustina II; the children at the goddess' feet are thought to represent Faustina III and Lucilla.
Antoninus Pius, AD 138-161.
Roman orichalcum sestertius, 23.46 g, 32.3 mm, 12 h.
Rome, December 159 - December 160.
Obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XXIII, laureate head, right.
Rev: PIETATI AVG COS IIII, Pietas, standing facing, head left, holding globe in extended right hand and child on left arm; on either side of her, small girl standing, raising one hand.
Refs: RIC 1031; BMCRE 2088-90; Cohen 621; Strack 1192; RCV 4205.
Notes:RIC 1002 and BMCRE 2062 are misdescribed by Mattingly in both RIC3 and BMCRE4. It is extremely doubtful that any specimens read TR P XXII on obv., but actually read TR P XXIII with the final "I" being merged with the neck truncation.
The children on the reverse of this denarius are thought by some numismatists to represent (from oldest to youngest) Lucilla, Faustina III, Fadilla, and newborn Cornificia.
Antoninus Pius, AD 138-161.
Roman AR denarius, 3.15 g, 18.1 mm, 11 h.
Rome, December, AD 160- March, AD 161.
Obv: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XXIIII, laureate head, right.
Rev: PIETATI AVG COS IIII, Faustina II (as Pietas) standing left, holding a child on each arm; at each side of her, a child standing looking towards her and raising hand.
Refs: RIC 313c; BMCRE 1013-14; Cohen 631; Strack 384; RCV 4098.
I think it should be pointed out that the reverse on @cmezner's coin doesn't show mere garden variety shields, but two of the ancilia, which were twelve sacred shields that the Salian priests kept guarded in the Temple of Mars. The first ancile was said to have fallen from the heavens, and it was prophesied that as long as it was preserved at Rome, the Romans would rule the world. Rome's second king, Numa Pompilius, had eleven more made and kept with the original to fool potential thieves. The ancilia would be carried by the Salian priests in a procession through the streets of Rome every March, the month sacred to the god of war. It's a neat reverse type, and these shields are seen only on these bronzes of Pius and one rare issue of denarii of Augustus.
@dougsmit's Mars and Rhea Silvia is a favorite of mine too. The scene alludes to one of Rome's founding myths, with the union of Mars and Rhea Silvia producing Romulus and his brother Remus. It was probably issued in conjunction with the celebrations held to commemorate the 900th anniversary of Rome's founding.
The "big pig" Doug mentions is another mythological type related to Rome's founding. It portrays a white sow suckling her young under an oak tree by a river, the sign given to Aeneas to indicate where he should establish a settlement for his Trojan refugees. Aeneas was an ancestor of Romulus and Remus through their mother, Rhea Silvia. The type was struck on sestertii and asses. I only have the smaller denomination, but it's one of my favorite Roman imperials.
AE As. 11.02g, 28.6mm. Rome mint, AD 140-144. RIC 733; Cohen 450. O: ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head right. R: IMPERATOR II, Sow seated by a river under an oak tree suckling three piglets, another one before her; SC in exergue.
Ex Old Sable Collection
Might also be worth mentioning that in the Zodiac and Labours of Herakles series at Alexandria, A-Pi also issued amongst the most interesting of Roman Provincial coin types.
@zumbly for sharing the very interesting information about the ancilia, didn't know the details, just thought they were shields used in battles. One never stops learning at CT
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