Viminacium in Moesia. Two armies face to face; Diocletian and Carinus will fight on the banks of the river Margus for victory and domination of the Roman world. We all know the issue of this battle, but what do we know about the city where it took place ? The city, Viminacium, has grown in importance under the reign of Vespasian, and was under an intense activity during the Dacic wars of Trajan (101-107 AD). Then during the second century, it became a provincial capital before finding itself at the forefront of the Danubian limes from the Marcomanic wars and the great invasions of the 3rd century. Viminacium, the capital of Lower Moesia then of Moesia Superior in the 4th century, had been the cantonment of the 7th Legio Claudia Pia Fidelis, this from the 1st century AD. The city was elevated to the rank of colony under Gordian III in 239 AD and a coinage of Latin language was struck there until 255. For sixteen years (Year I to XVI) a particularly well dated coinage was manufactured there including three types of bronzes: a large bronze, corresponding to the Sestertius with a weight average 17g started from 10 to 13g from year XI, a medium bronze with the radiate crown, corresponding to the Dupondius with an average weight of 6g and finally a small bronze with the laureate head of the As type with an average weight of 4g. Philip I Year VII Trajan Decius Year XI Hostilian Year XII Trebonianus Gallus Year XIII The coinage presents, on the reverse, the province rather than the city (Viminacium), Moesia between the symbols of the VIIth Legio Claudia (a bull) confined to Viminacium and the IVth Legio Flavia (symbol the lion), stationed in Singidunum (Belgrade). The reverse legend PMS COL VIM is for Provinci Moesi Superioris Colonia Viminacium. This coinage was produced in large quantity to make up for the missing coins, in particular the bronze coins for daily payments. Viminacium was even to become an imperial workshop from the reigns of Valerian I and Gallienus or rather under Aemilian. In the center of the Roman defense, Viminacium was finally wiped out by the king of the Huns, Attila, in 441 AD. The city was never rebuilt. A mother and her children who died in the plague, burried together in the nooble part of a Viminacium grave. Modern excavations at Viminacium began as early as 1976 and intensified twenty years later, starting in 1996, culminating in 2002. More than fourteen thousand tombs have been excavated on the necropolis and more than 40,000 objects have been brought to light, including more than 700 in gold and silver. Nothing having been reconstructed on the ruins of the Roman city, the site is intact and now protected. Until now, only 5% of the city has been explored... so certainly many interesting discoveries to come in the future. Ruins of Thermae at Viminacium Please search your collections and show us your coins of Viminacium. I'm curious to see how many different Emperors and how many years we can cover !