I was quite thrilled to receive this most recent arrival (thanks Victor!). Vespasian Æ Dupondius, 11.14g Lyon mint, 71 AD RIC 1160 (R2). BMC 809. Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN AVG COS III; Head of Vespasian, laureate, r. Rev: VICTORIA NAVALIS; S C in field; Victory stg. r. on prow, with wreath and palm Acquired from Victor's Imperial Coins, September 2018. The Victory on prow type is traditionally attributed to the lone naval victory Vespasian won on Lake Gennesaret (Sea of Galilee) during the Jewish War. By any definition it is a most bizarre 'naval' battle indeed. Near the close of the Galilean campaign, Vespasian and Titus marched to Lake Gennesaret in order to secure the cities along its coastline. Tiberias fell without much resistance, but the neighbouring city of Taricheae was a slightly tougher nut to crack. Home to many of the rebels who fled Tiberias, the city put up a small fight on the plain outside the city. They were quickly defeated by Titus' troops who then stormed the city and began slaughtering the inhabitants. Many of the rebels took flight to waiting boats they had previously commandeered on the lake. These boats were likely local fishing or ferry vessels not intended for use in war. Vespasian ordered the legionaries to construct large rafts in order to pursue the rebel's makeshift flotilla. With the coastline guarded by Roman horsemen the legionaries launched their rafts and sailed out in a large line toward the enemy. The Jewish boats were no match for the heavily armoured Roman rafts. The legionaries easily picked off the Jewish rebels who had no means of escape. The slaughter was intense, so much so that Josephus claims 6,500 Jews were killed. Several years later during Vespasian and Titus' Jewish War Triumph in Rome, ships were displayed to commemorate the battle. Were the Victoria Navalis coins struck with the same event in mind? As unlikely as it seems, the impromptu 'naval' battle at Lake Gennesaret is the best candidate for Vespasian striking this Actium-lite reverse type. The connection to Augustus would not have been lost on his contemporaries. Flavian propaganda at its most exaggerated. It should be noted that Mattingly in BMCRE II attributes the reverse as a general 'Our Lady Victory of the Fleet' naval type. Perhaps that is closer to the truth? This Victoria Navalis dupondius struck at Lugdunum (Lyon) is much rarer than the Rome mint variants, which are more commonly seen on the As issues. The 'severe' portrait along with the globe at the base of the neck distinguishes them from their Rome mint counterparts. The coin came in a slab. Needless to say, it no longer is entombed. Feel free to post your 'Victory at Sea' types!