Discussion in 'Ancient Coins' started by Mammothtooth, Jan 24, 2021.
Then a cool German beer served by a Teutonic Princess.
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Varus never issued coins in Germany. One would have to take it from the middle east where it was issued and had carried it to Germany.
As a commander of 5 legions in the area I thought Varus was able to mint coins at a local level. Is this where the controversy begins on counter struck coins, VAR.
Many others here are much greater experts on this than I would be. The only Varus coins I have heard of were from around modern day Syria where he was a governor.
Actually, I have never heard of legion commanders ever given minting privileges. Sounds like a really good way to fund mutinies. I thought the money was always controlled by the emperors or senate to protect against this.
Thank you, I am sure you are correct
Still, a cool beer served by a Teutonic princess would be swell!
PUBLIUS QUINCTILIUS VARUS
AE OF ANTIOCHEIA, SYRIA
RPC 4252, SNG Cop. 92, 20.4mm, 8.03 grams, Dated year 27 = 5/4 B.C.E.
Obverse: Laureate head of Zeus to right
Reverse: Tyche of Antioch seated to right, holding palm branch; below, river-god Orontes swimming right, in right field, date ZK (year 27 = 5/4 B.C.E.)
This rare coin was struck during Varus' assignment as Governor of Syria from 7 - 4 B.C.E. Varus guarded the borders from Parthia and violently quelled unrest in Judaea and Samaria. Josephus records an incident wherein after the death of Herod., Varus occupied Jerusalem and crucified 2,000 Jews.
Later Varus was transfered to the Northern front, where he met disaster fighting the Germanic tribes in the Teutoburg forest. Three legions under his command, legions XVII, XVIII and XIX were completely annihilated. This caused emperor Augustus great grief and he was said to have cried out on occasion "Quintili Vare, legiones redde!" or "Quinctilius Varus, give me back my legions!"
Military commanders were certainly never allowed to strike their own coinage. And in most cases were likely not allowed to create any coinage.
However, there appear to be some exceptions.
There is evidence, shortly after this period, of possible semi-official minting of coinage in Roman military garrisons. Some of the bronze imitations of Claudian bronze coinage from Britain, Gaul and Hispania are thought to possibly have been minted in Roman military camps in order to create enough small change to allow soldiers to interact with local economies as there was not enough officially struck bronze in the regions at this time.
Also, as noted, it appears that Roman military commanders at times counter-struck worn existing coinage to authorize its circulation.
See for example, FLEUR KEMMERS, QUADRANTES FROM NIJMEGEN: SMALL CHANGE IN A FRONTIER PROVINCE. Though there are also several articles on the Claudian copies.
I think they are gold of Augustus. Also several hundred others that are not gold. Segamentata armor just found, complete, in October 2020. Interesting reading. Roman Shrew cuffs found along with armor. Showing the legionary was cuffed before execution. Not sure of spelling Segamenta Lorica.
My favorite battle. In 84 we went to Arminius Monument by Detmold. Now we locate the battle in another area...
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