Unusual accusative case inscription -- IVNONEM

Discussion in 'Ancient Coins' started by Roman Collector, Sep 15, 2019.

  1. Roman Collector

    Roman Collector Supporter! Supporter

    IVNONEM is accusative; it's unclear why it is used here but probably indicates the "motion towards" aspect of the accusative case: "toward Juno." In all of Roman numismatics, IVNONEM appears only on coins of Julia Domna, even though Juno appears on many coins over a period of centuries. It was used for three different denominations, all issued under Caracalla.

    Post your coins with accusative-case legends, Juno coins, Julia Domna bronzes, or anything you feel is relevant!

    Julia Domna, AD 193-217.
    Roman Æ As, issued under Caracalla, 10.36 g, 25 mm.
    Rome, AD 211-217.
    Obv: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, bare-headed and draped bust, right.
    Rev: IVNONEM SC, Juno standing left, holding patera and scepter; peacock at feet.
    Refs: RIC 599b; BMCRE 224; Cohen 89; RCV 7129; Hill 1354.

    Domna IVNONEM Sestertius.jpg
    Julia Domna, AD 193-217.
    Roman Orichalcum sestertius, issued under Caracalla, 21.3 g, 32 mm.
    Rome, AD 211-217.
    Obv: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, bare-headed and draped bust, right.
    Rev: IVNONEM SC, Juno standing left, holding patera and scepter; peacock at feet.
    Refs: RIC 585b; BMCRE 210; RCV 7114 var.; Hill 1345.
    Notes: This coin was also issued with a diademed and draped bust, BMCRE 208-209.

    This reverse type was also used on a very rare quinarius (BMCRE 6, RIC 378). This is the example from the British Museum collection.

    Volodya, Curtisimo, Andres2 and 16 others like this.
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  3. Jims Coins

    Jims Coins Supporter! Supporter

    DAWA-205 OBV.jpg DAWA-205 REV.jpg Julia Domna 196 - 211 A.D.
    Rome AR Denarius
    Rev. IVNO Juno stg. half left, holding patera sceptre; in front, peacock stg. l., head turned back. DAWA-205 OBV.jpg DAWA-205 REV.jpg
    Last edited: Sep 16, 2019
  4. Orielensis

    Orielensis Well-Known Member

    This is indeed a bit weird – accusativus directionis in the sense of "ad Iunonem" is the only sensible explanation I can think of.

    I have a couple of Junos. One of them is in the dative case and can be read as "for the sake / in honor of Queen Juno" (dativus finalis) or "of Queen Juno" (dativus possessivus). I tend towards the first reading.

    Rom – Faustina, sesterz, Juno.png
    Faustina the Younger, Roman Empire, sestertius, ca. 161–164 AD, Rome mint. Obv: [F]AVSTINA AVGV[STA], diademed portrait right. Rev: IV[NONI] REGINAE, S-C, Iuno standing left with patera and sceptre, peacock left. 30mm, 27g. Ref: RIC III, 1651.

    My three others are in the (boring) nominative case:

    Rom – Faustina die Jüngere, denar, Juno.png
    Faustina II, Roman Empire, denarius, 161–175 AD, Rome mint. Obv: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA; bust of Faustina II, draped, r. Rev: IVNO, Iuno standing l., holding patera and sceptre, peacock at feet l. 18mm, 2.94g. Ref: RIC III Marcus Aurelius 688. Ex Savoca London, 2nd Blue Auction, lot 1277.

    Rom – Julia Domna, Denar, Juno.png
    Julia Domna, Roman Empire, denarius, 196–211 AD, Rome mint. Obv: IVLIA AVGVSTA; bust of Julia Domna, draped, r. Rev: IVNO, Juno standing l., holding patera and sceptre, peacock at feet l. 18mm, 3.20g. Ref: RIC IV Septimius Severus 559.

    Rom – Otacilia Severa, antoninian, Juno.png
    Otacilia Severa, Roman Empire, antoninian, 246–248 AD, Rome mint. Obv: M OTACIL SEVERA AVG; bust of Otacilia Severa on crescent, diademed, r. Rev: IVNO CONSERVAT; Juno standing l., holding patera nd sceptre. 22mm, 3.45g. RIV IV Philip I 127. Ex Auktionen & Münzhandel Dr. Christoph Stadler (Bremen); ex Münzbörse Stadtwaage (Bremen).
  5. Spaniard

    Spaniard Well-Known Member

    Very interesting RC...And nice coins too!
    I only have an IVNONI of Sabina...
    Sabina AR Denarius 18/19mm..3.21gr
    Obverse- SABINA AVGVSTA, diademed and draped bust right, hair in queue down neck
    Reverse- IVNONI REGINAE, Juno standing left holding patera and sceptre.
    RIC 395a, RSC 43.
  6. bcuda

    bcuda Well-Known Member

    I see a trend of only Women here.
  7. Roman Collector

    Roman Collector Supporter! Supporter

    Yes. Juno, being the queen of the gods, appears primarily on coins issued for empresses.
  8. cmezner

    cmezner Well-Known Member

    On this Antoninianus issued by Volusianus, Juno is on the reverse:

    Rome, 252 AD
    19 x 21 mm, 3.46 g
    Ref.: RIC IV Volusian 173; Cohen 45 (4f.);

    Ob.: IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, Bust of Volusian, radiate, draped, cuirassed, right
    Rev.: IVNONI MARTIALI, round distyle temple, Iuno Martialis seated inside; in right field, star *
    upload_2019-9-15_20-33-44.png upload_2019-9-15_20-33-54.png
  9. ancient coin hunter

    ancient coin hunter Cogito Ergo Sum

    Nice coins @Roman Collector - and great coins all. Regrettably I don't have a IVNO reverse type yet.
    Roman Collector likes this.
  10. Andres2

    Andres2 Well-Known Member

  11. ominus1

    ominus1 Well-Known Member

    ..kool catch RC..i been wanting/looking at Iulia Donna's with the longer hair version...i only have one coin of her and it's Pietas..but quite the lovely & toned denarius :smuggrin: Julia Domna denarius 003.JPG Julia Domna denarius 004.JPG Julia Domna Pietas reverse 19mm 3.16gms
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