On Hadrian Aelius Spartianus wrote: “In poetry and in letters Hadrian was greatly interested. In arithmetic, geometry, and painting he was very expert. Of his knowledge of flute-playing and singing he even boasted openly.(Life of Hadrian XIV) On Titus (ruled A.D. 79–81), Suetonius wrote:“Titus, He was besides not unacquainted with music, but sang and played the harp agreeably and skillfully. (De Vita Caesarum viii, 3) On the great games hosted by Vespasian (A.D. 69-79), Suetonius wrote: “At the plays with which he dedicated the new stage of the theater of Marcellus he revived the old musical entertainments.(De Vita Caesarum viii, 19) During his monotonous lyre recitals, it was said that Nero locked the audience in the theater. No one was all owed out for any reason. Once a woman reportedly gave birth in the middle of a performance and Nero kept on playing as if nothing had happened ! Lately we had an interesting thread about lyre on coins by @ominus1 and I asked myself if we could go further with musical instruments. So here are some examples found on Roman coins : Lyre: had a sounding body of wood or a tortoise shell covered with skin, and arms of animal horn or wood, with strings stretched from a cross bar to the sounding body. Hadrian with Lyre : Fresco in Pompeii Cithara: was the premier musical instrument of ancient Rome and was played both in popular and elevated forms of music. Larger and heavier than a lyre, the cithara was a loud, sweet and piercing instrument with precision tuning ability. Antoninus Pius holding Cithara Apollo with a Cithara Tympanum(hand drum) : a type of hand drum or tambourine. It was circular, shallow, and beaten with the palm of the hand or a stick. Cybele resting hand on Tympanum And here's Cybele again with her famous hand drum And now other coins not in my collection : Tuba: a long, straight bronze trumpet with a detachable, conical mouthpiece. Extant examples are about 1.3 metres long ;since there were no valves, the tubawas capable only of a single overtone series. A character playing Tuba on a Valentinian coin Monnaies d'antan picture Tuba players on Trajan's column Sistrum: was a rattle consisting of rings strung across the cross-bars of a metal frame, which was often used for ritual purposes. Hadrian with Aegyptos holding a Sistrum The New-York Sale picture Isis with Sistrum Tibiae[Aulos] : usually double, had two double-reed (as in a modern oboe) pipes, not joined but generally played with a mouth-bandcapistrumto hold both pipes steadily between the player's lips. Domitian with Tibiae player CNG picture What a battle : Lyre VS Tibiae ! Now the challenge for the week-end : Please search your collection and show us your nicest coins with musical instruments!