Medieval Croatia Republic of Ragusa Anonymous AR Dinar, Dubrovnik mint, struck ca. AD 1337-1438 Dia.: 18 mm Wt.: 1.11 g Obv.: St. Blaise standing facing, holding cozier and raising hand in benediction Rev.: IC – XC; Christ Pantokrator standing facing with mandorla Ref.: D&D 6.4.1 I've had this coin since 2018 but with both new coin purchases and trips falling victim to the year 2020 I figured now is a good time to give this coin its own thread and to share some photos of my previous trip to the beautiful city of Dubrovnik (medieval Ragusa). Republic of Ragusa Ragusa (today Dubrovnik) was founded by Roman refugees fleeing from the incursions of the Slavs and Alans into Dalmatia in late antiquity. The city would eventually develop into a prosperous aristocratic maritime state whose wealth was based on trade. The city would survive as a republic until 1808 when it was conquered by Napoleon's army. One interesting fact about Ragusa that resonates with current world events is that it is usually given credit for having "invented" the legal concept of a quarantine. In a law dated to 1377 all ships and caravans coming from stipulated areas had to isolate at specified locations for 30 days (trentine). The number was later changed to 40 days which is where the word quarantine /quarantino comes from. This concept seems to have developed from lessons the city learned fighting the Black Death in the mid 1300s. The building along the waterfront to the left was a "Lazaretto" built to isolate people with illness and was built ca. 1590 to replace older buildings that had been serving that purpose since before the Black Death. Ragusa / Dubrovnik is famous for its extensive and completely intact medieval walls. You may also recognize it from Game of Thrones where it was used to represent King's Landing. It is probably the most beautiful city I have ever been to. The entrance staircase to reach the top of the walls. Today you can walk the entire circuit of the walls which is an amazing experience. Ragusa derived its wealth from trade. I took the picture from the hills east of the city along the coast and you can clearly see the city's main fortified port. I got to use this port to catch a boat the the nearby island of Lokram. A view of Dubrovnik from on top of the walls. You can see the island of Lokram in the background. Richard the Lionheart was said to have shipwrecked on the island on his way home from Crusade. If you get thirsty from exploring the city you can crawl through a hole in the wall and have a drink at one of the most unique bars I've ever been to. Coins of Ragusa Ragusa used the still circulating late Roman bronze coins long after the western empire fell. Its first locally struck coins were crude imitations of the late Roman types. Staring in the 1300s the city began striking coins in silver with a St. Blaise / Christ Pantokrator design. St. Blaise (d. ca. AD 316) was regarded as the protector of the city. Legend claims he appeared to warn the city of a surprise attack from Venice in AD 971. He was said to have appeared to a priest of the city as an old man with a long white beard, holding a Bishops mitre and staff. From left to right: Sculpture of St. Blaise ca. 1465 holding the city of Ragusa in his left hand. Painting showing St. Blaise holding a bishops mitre and staff. St. Blaise on the coins of Ragusa. St. Blaise holding the city and mitre, ca. 1431-1453. St. Blaise Cathedral The Rectors Palace: This is where the coins of Ragusa were struck. Unfortunately my OP coin is too old to have been struck in this building as it dates to after a fire in AD 1435. It is not known where the mint was housed before it moved into this building. Well that is it. Even if you don't have a coin from Ragusa please feel free to post some related coins. Perhaps medieval coins dating to around the time of the great plague or from the eastern Mediterranean.