Featured The LUGDUNUM mint challenge

Discussion in 'Ancient Coins' started by Ocatarinetabellatchitchix, Sep 24, 2019.

  1. Ocatarinetabellatchitchix

    Ocatarinetabellatchitchix Supporter! Supporter

    Oh Lyon, la belle cité !
    Maybe you’ll call me a chauvinist. Lugdunum (Lyon), this is true, is the hometown of my ancestors.But it’s also a place with a rich history in the ancient Roman world. So let’s overview some interesting details about this famous polis and mostly about his monetary workshop.
    The city
    Lugdunum and its region are at the crossroads of Western Europe, joining the North Sea to the Mediterranean Sea and Eastern Europe to the Atlantic Ocean. Many centuries ago, it was built for his strategic location. Today it is still the third biggest city in France. Lugdunum is composed of two Gallic words : Lug was the Celtic god of the order and the right, and dunos (fortress or hill), the whole thus designating the “fortress of Lug”. In Roman times, the city was called Caput Gallilae, “capital of Gaul”. It was founded in 43 BC and reached a population of up to 200000 inhabitants at the summum of its glory.
    [​IMG]
    LUCIUS MUNATIUS PLANCUS, FOUNDER OF LUGDUNUM

    The city was the subject of many attentions from the emperors. Augustus came at least three times, Drusus, brother of the future emperor Tiberius, resided in Lyon for four years. The city also received the visit of the emperors Caligula between 37 and 41 and Claude in 43 and 44. According to Suetonius, during one of his visit, Caligula organized a contest of eloquence in greek or latin. The competitors who had particularly displeased him were ordered to erase their writings with a sponge or with their tongues, unless they would be beaten or rushed into the nearby river...
    In 64 AD, the dignitaries of the city heard about the fire that ravaged Rome, so they decided to send 4 million sesterces to help for the reconstruction. The next year, in 65 AD, Lugdunum was also hit by a terrible fire ; Nero donated the same amount of money to assist the citizens in the restoration of the town. The city lost a part of his glory at the end of the 2nd century AD when Lugdunum took the side of Clodius Albinus in the civil war of 196-197. After Septimius Severus defeated Albinus in the “battle of Lugdunum”, he made them pay and punished the city severely by confiscation, banishment or execution. It was also plundered and badly damaged in the battle ; Lugdunum never fully recovered from the devastation of the war, but it would still be for more than 100 years the most important city of Gaul. Finally, at the end of the 3rd century, during the reorganization of the Tetrarchy, Lugdunum lost his rank of capital of Gaul in 297 AD, in favor of Trier, closer to the Rhine border.

    QUIZ : Two emperors and a famous governor known in profane and biblical history are born in Lugdunum. Could you name them ?
    [​IMG]
    A ROMAN THEATRE IN LYON

    The mint
    A monetary workshop is created in Lugdunum from 43 BC , the year the city was founded. This first workshop is promoted to the rank of imperial currency workshop in 15 BC, when Octavian became Augustus. It rapidly becomes one of the most important workshops of the Empire. The workshop then changes dimension, in order to provide for the pay of soldiers stationed in Gaul or the Rhine region mostly. Between 15 BC and 64 AD, under the reigns of Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius and Nero, this workshop of Lugdunum is the only one of the Roman Empire to strike gold and silver. (At this time there were no mintmarks and coins are attributed to the mint on the basis of their style ,including features such as the addition of a globe at the base of the bust).The existing production under Nero continues under Galba. There does not seem to be any more strikes under Otto, who would only have struck in Rome. The workshop is reopened by Vitellius and he then issues only gold and silver coins. The mint closes in 78 AD, to reopen only very temporarily in 197 AD, under Clodius Albinus. The pretender, coming from Brittany, stops at Lugdunum and strucked a series of money to get ready for his attack against Rome. The workshop is set up quickly and works a few months.
    We will have to wait until the end of the 3rd century under Aurelian, possibly in 274 AD, so that the mint really restart his service, because of the increase of activity of the legions to pay during these times of anarchy. The workshop again takes the lead in the production of the official currencies of the Empire. However from 294 AD the Roman imperial power took the decision to create a monetary workshop in Trier, and the Lugdunum workshop is thus reduced to the rank of secondary mint. Production activities never ceased during the 4th century until the beginning of the 5th century, around 413 AD.
    This mint was active under the following issuers:

    Now here’s the CHALLENGE : how many different coins from Lugdunum can we post ? I ask for your help, Coin Talk members. Show us your Lugdunum babies !

    These are mine :
    578F9D0B-FA5F-4768-9121-901CDF1F6D29.jpeg
    CLAUDIUS RIC 52

    7F54FF44-9016-4B88-94E3-1CC961B2D6C9.jpeg
    TITUS RIC 1273

    BF9A11AE-7B61-41C8-AFE5-0AE0779AF811.jpeg
    PROBUS RIC 37

    9904BD18-DC32-4125-946C-198F7DB55A64.jpeg
    DIOCLETIAN RIC 216








     
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  3. Ryro

    Ryro You'll never be lovelier than you are now... Supporter

    Nice write up and coins (I really dig that Claudius:wideyed:)
    Here's some of the early boys:
    5B5DBC3F-7909-468A-A8F9-A4853B6B45CB.png
    Augustus
    Silver Denarius, 27 BC-CE 14. Lugdunum, 2 BC-AD 12. CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, laureate head of Augustus right. Reverse: AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT around, CL CAESARES in exergue, Gaius and Lucius Caesars standing facing, each togate and resting a hand on one of two shields set on ground between them; behind shields, two crossed spears; above, on left, simpulum right, and on right, lituus left. RIC 207
    3D5B8CF4-E587-4B28-A62F-CDF1F434E598.png
    Tiberius
    AD 14-37 CE. AR Denarius minted at Lugdunum. Laureate head right of Tiberius. Reverse: Female figure (Livia?) seated right. RIC 26; BMC 34. Appealing portrait; Choice Very Fine.
    The "Tribute Penny" of Biblical fame.

    835B6E8F-807E-4D75-8280-D0D4D0391D4C.png
    NERO
    54-68 CE. AE Dupondius of
    Lugdunum, 66. Laureate
    head / Securitas seated with
    sceptre. RIC.445.
     
  4. Orfew

    Orfew Draco dormiens nunquam titillandus Supporter

    Here are a few

    Caligula and Agrippina AR Denarius, aF, toned, bumps and marks,
    (17.84mm, 2.680g) 180o
    Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, end of 37 - early 38 A.D.;
    Obv: C CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR POT (counterclockwise), laureate head of Gaius right;
    Rev: AGRIPPINA MAT C CAES AVG GERM (counterclockwise), draped bust of Agrippina Senior (his mother), her hair in a queue behind, one curly lock falls loose on the side of her neck,
    RIC I 14 (R) (Rome), RSC II 2; BMCRE I 15 (Rome), BnF II 24, Hunter I 7 (Rome), SRCV I (2000) 1825 RSC 2
    Ex: the Jyrki Muona Collection, Ex: Forvm Ancient Coins.
    Purchased September 24, 2015 Forvm Ancient Coins.

    gaius denarius forum.jpg



    Gaius, Silver denarius, RIC I 16 (R2, Rome), RSC I 2, Lyon 167, BnF II 21, BMCRE I 17, cf. SRCV I 1807 (aureus), VF, toned, attractive portraits, bumps and marks, some pitting, lamination defects, ex jewelry, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, weight 3.443g, maximum diameter 18.2mm, die axis 180o, 2nd emission, 37 - 38 A.D.; obverse C CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR POT (counterclockwise from lower right), laureate head of Caligula right; reverse DIVVS AVG PATER PATRIAE (counterclockwise from lower right), radiate head of Divus Augustus right; ex Classical Numismatic Group, e-auction 69 (23 July 2003), lot 90
    Ex: Forum Ancient coins, March 2, 2018.

    Caligula RIC 16.jpg


    Nero. A.D. 61. AR denarius
    (18.40 mm, 3.37 g, 7 h).
    Lugdunum (Lyon) mint.
    Obv: NERO CAESAR AVG IMP, bare head right
    Rev: PONTIF MAX TR P VIII COS IIII P P, EX S C across field, Roma standing right, holding and inscribing shield supported on knee, foot on helmet; dagger and bow at feet to right.
    RIC 34 (R3); RSC 231. aVF, toned. Rare.
    From the D. Thomas Collection;
    Ex Hohn Leipziger Munzhandlung. Auction 85 June 2-4 2016 Lot 1382

    Ex: Agora Auctons sale 68 Lot 195 August 15 2017.

    nero ric 34.jpg
    Augustus. 27 BC-AD 14. AR denarius .
    Octavian as Augustus, 27 BC – 14 AD Denarius
    Lugdunum circa 13-14,
    18mm., 3.56g.
    Obv: Laureate head r.
    Rev. Tiberius in triumphal quadriga r., holding laurel branch and eagle-tipped sceptre.
    RSC 301. RIC 224.
    Ex: Naville Numismatics Live auction 50 Lot 439 June 23, 2019

    Augustus RIC 222.jpg


    Tiberius, 14-37 Denarius Lugdunum circa 15-16, AR (18.55 mm., 3.85 g).
    Obv: TI CAESAR DIVI - AVG F AVGVSTVS Laureate head r.
    Rev: TR POT XVII IMP VII Tiberius holding branch and eagle-tipped scepter in triumphal quadriga r.
    RIC 4. C 48. SRCV I (2000) 1762
    Ex: Naville Numismatics Auction #25 Lot #407 September 25, 2016
    NN tiberius lot 047 auction 25.jpg
     
    Last edited: Sep 24, 2019
  5. Ryro

    Ryro You'll never be lovelier than you are now... Supporter

    That Tiberius though...
    73C75D0B-C0B4-4A83-A37E-2FF52884A4EB.gif
     
  6. dougsmit

    dougsmit Member Supporter

    Clodius Albinus GEN LVG - unfortunately my coin suffers from extreme damage from a die clash which removed a chunk of the reverse die. That same damage is why I bought the coin. It is my only Lugdunum mint Albinus.
    rd0150b02071lg.jpg
     
  7. dougsmit

    dougsmit Member Supporter

    Diocletian pre-reform SML mintmark / Jupiter
    ru3275bb3116.jpg
     
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  8. dougsmit

    dougsmit Member Supporter

    Maximianus pre-reform / Pax officina III
    ru3490bb1426.jpg
     
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  9. dougsmit

    dougsmit Member Supporter

    Galerius pre-reform
    ru3935bb3117.jpg
     
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  10. dougsmit

    dougsmit Member Supporter

    Should we allow the Lugdunum mint commemoratives? I don't have a Constantinopolis but here is a Urbs Roma PLG.
    rw5370bb0372.jpg
     
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  11. Al Kowsky

    Al Kowsky Supporter! Supporter

    Here are three nummi struck at the Lyon Mint from my collection.


    _lyons_RIC_167b.jpg
    Galerius as Caesar, circa AD 301-303, 1st Officina, 9.66 gm. RIC 167b. RARE

    _lyons_RIC_170a.jpg
    Constantius I as Caesar, AD 301-303, 2nd Officina, 9.64 gm. RIC 170a, RARE

    _lyons_RIC_187a.1.jpg
    Constantius I as Augustus, May 1, AD 305 - July 25, 306, 10.61 gm, RIC 187a. SCARCE. Constantius I held the rank of Augustus for only 18 months.
     
    Last edited: Sep 24, 2019
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  12. TheRed

    TheRed Well-Known Member

    I have one ugly little coin in my collection from Lugdunum that was minted in the name of Constantine II.
    37702q00.jpg
    Constantine II Billon reduced centenionalis, 336 AD, as caesar, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 2nd officina.
    17.2mm 1.615g,
    Obv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right, from the front.
    Rev: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, standard in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, *SLG in exergue.
    RIC VII Lyons 281
     
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  13. Shea19

    Shea19 Supporter! Supporter

    Here are 3 from Lugdunum with Pax on the reverse (although there really wasn’t much “Pax” and Quiet in the late 3rd century).

    FFE813DB-4169-461C-82E3-C8801A1AF9B2.jpeg
    Probus, Antoninianus (Silvered bronze, 24 mm, 3.56 g), Lugdunum, 282. Radiate and cuirassed bust of Probus to right. Rev. Pax standing front, head to left, holding branch in her right hand and transverse scepter in her left. RIC 119.

    36506DAA-7145-4D21-9797-3D30A139B6DC.jpeg
    Carus, Antoninianus, (23 mm, 4.15 g), 283, Lugdunum,IMP C M AVR CARUS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust of Carus to Right/ Rev. PAX AUGG, Pax standing front, holding branch in her right hand and long transverse scepter with her left, B in left field. RIC 13
    058A35B1-C1B7-4E84-A902-95FAB45A3F3C.jpeg
    Maximianus, Silvered Antoninianus,
    Lugdunum. (22mm., 3.53), Radiate and cuirassed bust R, Rev.- PAX AUGG, RIC V 399
     
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  14. Bing

    Bing Illegitimi non carborundum Supporter

    Augustus 11.jpg
    AUGUSTUS
    AR Denarius
    OBVERSE: AVGVSTUS DIVI F, bare head right
    REVERSE: Bull butting right
    IMP X in exergue
    Lugdunum 15-13 BC
    3.7g, 18mm
    RIC I 167a, BMC 451. C 137, CBN 1382
    Augustus 5.jpg
    AUGUSTUS
    AR Denarius
    OBVERSE: CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE. laureate head right
    REVERSE: AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, C L CAESARES below, Gaius & Lucius standing front with shields & spears; in field above, a simpulum & lituus (in "Pd" formation)
    Lugdunum 4-2 BC
    3.5g, 18mm
    RIC 210
    Tiberius 6.jpg
    TIBERIUS
    AR Denarius
    OBVERSE: TI CAESAR DIVI AVG AVGVSTVS, laureate head right
    REVERSE: PONTIF MAXIM, Livia, as Pax, holding long sceptre & olive branch, seated right on throne with ornate legs, single line below
    Lugdunum 14-37 AD
    3.75g, 19mm
    RIC 30, RSC 16a, BMC 48
    Caligula 4.jpg
    CALIGULA
    AR Denarius
    OBVERSE: C CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR POT, bare head right
    REVERSE: DIVVS AVG PATER PATRIAE, radiate head of Divus Augustus right
    Struck at Lugdunum, 37/8AD
    3.5g, 18mm
    RIC I 10
    Salonina 5.jpg
    SALONINA
    Antoninianus
    OBVERSE: SALONINA AVG, diademed and draped bust right, resting on crescent
    REVERSE: DEAE SEGETIAE, statue of Segetiae or Ceres, nimbate, standing facing in four-columned temple, both hands raised
    Struck at Lugdunum, 258 AD
    3.1g, 22mm
    RIC 5
    Saloninus 1.jpg
    SALONINUS
    Antoninianus
    OBVERSE: SAL VALERIANVS CAES, radiate draped bust right
    REVERSE: PRINC IVVENT, prince standing left holding baton & standard
    Struck at Lugdunum, 259-260 AD
    2.2g, 21mm
    RIC 10, C 61
    Postumus 2.jpg
    POSTUMUS
    Antoninianus
    OBVERSE: IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG, his radiate, draped and cuirassed bust rt
    REVERSE: PAX AVG - Pax advancing left, holding branch and scepter
    Struck at Lugdunum, 259-268 AD
    3.8g, 22mm
    RIC 78
    Probus 6.jpg
    PROBUS
    Antoninianus
    OBVERSE: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate & cuirassed bust right.
    REVERSE: MARS VICTOR, Mars advancing right, bearing trophy & spear. Mintmark III
    Struck at Lugdunum, 277 AD
    5.1g, 23mm
    RIC 37, III
    Numerian 3.jpg
    NUMERIAN
    Antoninianus
    OBVERSE: M AVR NVMERIANVS NOB C, radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right
    REVERSE: MARS VICTOR, Mars advancing right with spear & trophy, C to right
    Struck at Lugdunum, 284 AD
    3.5g, 22.5mm
    RIC 353c
    Magnus Maximus 2.jpg
    MAGNUS MAXIMUS
    AE2
    OBVERSE: D N MAG MAXI-MVS PF AVG, pearl diademed, draped, cuirassed bust right
    REVERSE: REPARATIO-REIPVB, Emperor standing facing, head left, holding Victory on globe in left hand and raising kneeling woman, turreted headdress. P or D in right field. LVGP in ex.
    Struck at Lugdunum 383-88 AD
    4.6g, 23mm
    RIC 32
     
  15. Alegandron

    Alegandron "ΤΩΙ ΚΡΑΤΙΣΤΩΙ..." ΜΕΓΑΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΣ, June 323 BCE Supporter

    LUGDUNUM


    ANTONIUS (Looks like his Wife opened the mint in 43 BCE)
    [​IMG]
    RImp Marc Antony 43 BCE AR Quinarius 13mm 1.67g Lugdunum Winged bust Victory-probly Fulvia Lion DVNI LVGV Cr 489-5 Syd 1160


    GALBA
    [​IMG]


    GALBA 68-69 BCE
    AR Quinarius 15mm, 1.5g; Lugdunum mint
    Ox: SER GALBA IMP CAESAR AVG P M TR, laureate head right
    Rx VICTORIAE GALBAE AVG, Victory on globe standing left
    RIC 131 scarce
    Ex @Brian Bucklan
     
    Last edited: Sep 25, 2019
  16. octavius

    octavius Well-Known Member

    Nero bronzes from the Lugdunum mint are my favorites.

    9KjENo3Yc2B9bWr46zAwN5q776ZpQR.jpg 138_0_mid.jpg 138_1.jpg 4947876l.jpg
     
  17. dadams

    dadams Well-Known Member

    Nice thread and certainly feature worthy!
    I only have the commemorative @dougsmit mentioned:

    Constantine-I_RIC-VII-247.jpg
    Time of Constantine I and Sons.
    Æ Follis, 15mm, 2.8g, 6h; Lugdunum mint, AD 330-331.
    Obv.: VRBS ROMA, helmeted and mantled bust of Roma left,
    Rev.: She-wolf standing left, suckling the twins Romulus and Remus; two stars above // •PLG
    Ref: RIC VII 247
     
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  18. cmezner

    cmezner Supporter! Supporter

    Augustus, Lugdunum 15 - 13 BC
    17 x 18.5 mm, 3.90 g
    Ref.: : RIC I 171A; Lyon 28; RSC 144;

    Ob.: AVGVSTVS DIVI•F bare head of Augustus right;
    Rev.: IMP • X across field, ACT • in exergue, Apollo Citharoedus of Actium, wearing long drapery, standing facing, head left, holding plectrum in right hand and lyre in left
    upload_2019-9-25_2-5-50.png upload_2019-9-25_2-6-25.png
     
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  19. Jochen1

    Jochen1 Well-Known Member

    (1) Tiberius, Giard Lyon, Group 3, 147; RIC I, 29; C. 15; BMCR 46; Calico 350
    tiberius_29.jpg

    (2) Tiberius, Giard Lyon, Group 4, 150; RIC I, 30; BMCR 48
    tiberius_30.jpg (3) Tacitus, Estiot no. 1451; RIC V/1, 61; C. 137; Bastien 64
    tacitus_61.jpg

    (4) Carinus, RIC V/2, 212; C. 8
    carinus_212.jpg

    Jochen
     
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  20. maridvnvm

    maridvnvm Well-Known Member

    You definitely don't want me adding all my Lugdunum coins to this thread as I would kill it stone dead. I have gathered over 600 coins from this mint over the years. I will pick out a small selection of them and add them every now and than rather than swamp you with them all. I will try and be selective and pick out some coins that are of some that are of interest for some reason or other.

    Augustus:-

    One of the most popular and mass produced types for the mint at this time.

    Obv:– CAESAR AVGVSTVS DIVI F PATER PATRIAE, Laureate head right
    Rev:– C L CAESARES AVGVSTI F COS DESIG PRINC IVVENT, Caius and Lucius Caesars togate stand facing, each resting hand on a round shield with spear behind, above center on left a simpulum right and on right a lituus left
    Minted in Lugdunum. B.C. 2 to A.D. 4.
    Ref:– BMC 533. RIC I Augustus 207

    [​IMG]


    Several other attractive designs were produced.

    Obv:– AVGVSTVS DIVI F, Bare head right
    Rev:– IMP X either side of Apollo Citharoedus standing left with lyre, ACT in exe,
    Minted in Lugdunum. 15 - 13 B.C.
    Reference:– BMC 461. RIC I Augustus 171a. RSC 144.

    Weight 3.76g. 18.32mm

    [​IMG]

    Obv:– AVGVSTVS DIVI F. Augustus, bare head, right
    Rev:– IMP. XI below capricorn right, holding globe
    Minted in Lugdunum. 12 B.C.
    Reference:– BMC 465. RIC I Augustus 174.

    Weight 3.68g. 19.70mm

    [​IMG]
     
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  21. maridvnvm

    maridvnvm Well-Known Member

    The Altar of Lugdunum makes an appearance on bronzes at this time

    Augustus

    Æ As.
    Obv:– CAESAR PONT MAX, Laureate bust right. “CCARN" in circle in countermark.
    Rev:– ROM ET AVG; Front elevation of the Altar in Lyon, decorated with the corona civica between laurels, these being made by nude male figures, usually stylized, to left and right, Victories on columns facing one another.
    Minted in Lugdunum. B.C. 15 to B.C. 10.
    Ref:– BMC 550. RIC I Augustus 230

    (Rare countermark)

    [​IMG]

    Tiberius (as Ceasar under Augustus)

    Æ As.
    Obv:- TI CAESAR AVGVST F IMPERAT VII, laureate head right
    Rev:- ROM ET AVG, front elevation of the Altar of Lugdunum, decorated with the corona civica between laurels, nude figures, & Victories.
    Minted in Lugdunum. A.D. 12-14
    Ref:- RIC 245 [Augustus], Cohen 37, BMC 585, Paris 1769
    27 mm, 10.04gm

    [​IMG]
     
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