For context: the first realistic portrait of a coin in Italy, since the Romans (excepting Frederick II's Augustalis of the mid 1200s-- if you stretch the definition of "realistic") is often said to be the ducat of Francesco Sforza minted starting in 1462 (I believe @panzerman can show us one of his own), but the true title may belong to the 1458 ducato of Ferdinando d'Aragona in Naples. Within just a couple years several other Italian rulers had begun to mint coins with realistic likeness. Among these were: Galeazzo Maria Sforza--the son of Francesco--who minted the first Testone ("Big Head") in 1474 (as well as earlier portraits starting from about 1467) Doge Nicolò Tron in Venice in 1472 and Pope Sixtus IV in Rome in 1483 The artistic and propagandistic power of the portrait--and often of the Testone, the denomination that featured it--steadily spread throughout the rest of Europe. There are a few coins that immediately come to mind as the first realistic renaissance issues in their respective countries, such as the groat of James III in Scotland, or the coins of Henry VII in England. Louis XII in France first minted realistic testoni in Milan after he became duke of that city, and then began to mint his own testons in Paris. What I would like to know from those of you with other specialties (the Holy Roman Empire, Spain, etc.) is what would you consider the first renaissance coin in your area? I appreciate your help, and of course feel free to include any relevant coins of your own. Here's my grosso of Sixtus and my Trono: Papel States. Rome. Sixtus IV (1471-1484). Silver Grosso, undated. Rome Mint. First papal coinage with a portrait of the Pope on it. Bust in robe left.SIXTVS. IIII. PONT.MAX.VRBE.REST. Reverse; Arms surmounted by mitre and crossed keys, VTILITATI.PVBLICAE, weight 3.50g (Berman 451; Munt I;g80,14). Dies attributed to Emiliano Orfini. Ex CNG 55, 9/2000, lot 1723, Peter Corcoran Collection. Venice Lira Nicolo Tron undated (1471-1473) Obverse: Bust of Doge left TRONVS. DVX. NICOLAVS, Reverse: Lion within inner circle MARCVS SANCTVS, 6.45 grammes, Biaggi#2901, Paolucci 2. Dies by Antonella della Moneta.