So I did have a Philip I coin

Discussion in 'Ancient Coins' started by JulesUK, Feb 21, 2020.

  1. JulesUK

    JulesUK Well-Known Member

    So after @DonnaML posted about animals on Philip I reverses I stated I didn`t have one when in fact I did - though I just hadn't researched it and it was in my still rather small Roman Provincial box.
    Anyway, I have spent most of the afternoon researching this coin, though its not in the best condition, but it does have a pleasant green patination developing, and here it is...….

    7-RP Phil combo.jpg

    Philip I AE 28 of Viminacium, Moesia Superior. Year 9 of founding, 248 AD.

    IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right

    P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing, looking left between bull and lion, AN VIIII in ex.

    (Emblems of the Roman legions VII and IV quartered in the province)

    Reference: Sear 2614 var, Sear GIC 3874 var

    What I find interesting is the reference to the Legions on the reverse.

    Viminacium was a major city in Moesia (Todays Serbia) and capital of Moesia Superior and it was the base camp of the Legio VII Claudia and also hosted for some time the Legio IIII Flavia Felix. The bull and the lion depicted on the reverse were the symbols of the two legions. The city was destroyed in AD 440 by the Huns.


    Legio quarta Flavia Felix - The Lucky Flavian Fourth legion was founded in AD 70 by Vespasian from the ashes of the Macedonica Legio IV. The Legions symbol was a lion.
    This Roman Legion was featured at the beginning of the movie Gladiator where Maximus Decimus Meridius was the legions general leading the campaign in Germania.
    :wideyed: Wow.

    VII Legio.jpg

    Legio septimal Claudia Pia Fidelis The legion that is loyal and faithful to Claudius.
    The legion was founded in Pompey (Spain) in 65BC by Julius Caesar and it marched with him throughout the entire Gallic wars.
    Legio VII was one of the two legions used in Caesars invasion of Britain and played a crucial role in the battle of Pharsalus in 48BC.
    The legion existed until the end of the 4th century AD guarding the middle danube region. Its emblem was the Bull.

    So that`s where my afternoon has gone. Its been fun and so very informative.
    Please share any coins depicting Legions that you may have.
    Ave Caesar!
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  3. Gary R. Wilson


    I believe this is Bing's area of expertise but here is an Antony Legionary denarius I am proud of:

    Mark Antony Denarius 91.90.jpg

    Mark Antony (Triumvir)
    Gens: Antonia
    Moneyer: Military Mint
    Coin: Silver Denarius
    ANTAVG III VIR. R.P.C. - Galley right under oars
    Leg XII Antiqvae - Eagle between standards
    Mint: Patras ? (32-31 BC)
    Wt./Size/Axis: 2.72g / 18mm / 12h
    RSC 40
    BMC 222
    Syd 1231
    Sear5 #1480
    Acquisition/Sale: Thierry DUMEZ NUMISMATIQUE MA-Shops $0.00 10/18

    The Gary R. Wilson Collection
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  4. Roman Collector

    Roman Collector Supporter! Supporter

    Nice one, @JulesUK ! If you're looking for an exact reference, it's AMNG I (Pick) 105:


    Or BMC 3, p. 17, 25:

    Capture 1.JPG

    My Philip from Viminacium came from a bulk lot and it looks it! Year 5:

    Philip I, AD 244-249.
    Roman provincial Æ 28.1 mm, 17.65 g, 1 h.
    Moesia Superior, Viminacium, AD 244.
    Obv: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust, right.
    Rev: P M S COL VIM, Moesia standing left between bull standing right and lion left; in exergue: AN V (= year 5 of the Colonial Era of Viminacium = AD 244).
    Ref: BMC 3.16,18; AMNG 100.
  5. John Anthony

    John Anthony Ultracrepidarian Supporter

    Here's the same type issued by Viminacium for Herennia Etruscilla edited. Very little is known of Herennia Cupressenia Etruscilla, besides the fact that she was the wife of Trajan Decius and Roman Empress. She was the mother of Herennius Etruscus and Hostilian. When Decius and Herennius were killed in the Battle of Abrittus, she very briefly became regent during the minority of Hostillian, but when Hostillian died of the plague, Herennia sank into obscurity. We only know her full name from the inscriptions on Alexandrian tets: ΕΡ ΚΟΥΠ ΑΙΤΡΟΥCΚΙΛΑ, ΚΟΥΠ expanding to Cupressenia, referring to the Cypress tree, a symbol of Juno.

    etruscilla 6.jpg

    MOESIA SUPERIOR, Viminacium.
    Herennia Etruscilla, AD 249-251
    Obv.: HER ETRUSCILLA AVG; Diademed, draped bust right.
    Rev.: PMS COL VIM; Moesia standing between bull and lion // AN XII (= AD 250/1)
    Reference: Moushmov 48
    Last edited by a moderator: Feb 26, 2020
  6. ancient coin hunter

    ancient coin hunter Eye of Horus

    I've got one of Etruscilla as well. Sestertius sized. Just posted it the other day so I won't bore anyone with it at the moment.
  7. Bing

    Bing Illegitimi non carborundum Supporter

    Marcus Antonius  Leg IIII.jpg
    AR Denarius
    OBVERSE: ANT AVG III VIR R P C, Praetorian galley, thyrsos behind prow
    REVERSE: LEG IIII, legionary eagle between two standards
    Patrae 32-31 BC
    3.3g, 17mm
    RSC 29; Syd 1220, Cr544/16
    Marcus Antonius Leg IV.jpg
    AR Denarius
    OBVERSE: ANT AVG III VIR R P C, Praetorian galley, thyrsos behind prow
    REVERSE: LEG IV, legionary eagle between two standards
    Patrae 32-31 BC
    3.8g, 17mm
    Cr 544/17; Syd 1219
    ex. Lucerne Vcoins

    Marcus Antonius Leg VII.jpg
    AR Denarius
    OBVERSE: ANT AVG III VIR R P C, Praetorian galley, thyrsos behind prow
    REVERSE: LEGVII, legionary eagle between two standards
    Patrae 32-31 BC
    3.8g, 17mm
    Cr544/20, Syd 1224
    ex. Lucerne Vcoins
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  8. JulesUK

    JulesUK Well-Known Member

    So I have just received another Viminacium coin this time a Gordian III.
    Can anyone help with the AN (Dot) I (Dot) in the exergue, as I suspect it may be a year reference (Or founding date) and not a legion as in my OP?
    There is a nice coppery red patination which really glints in the sun.
    Would appreciate any comments/learning points as always.

    9 RP  Gordian moesia combo.jpg

    GORDIAN III (238-244 AD) AE 20, Dupondius, Viminacium, Moesia. 4.34g

    Obv; IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANUS AVG. Rad, dr and cuir bust right

    Rev; PMS CO-L-VIM. Moesia standing facing, head left, extending hands to bull and lion at feet on either side. AN dot I dot in ex. AMNG 72. Martin 1`02`1
  9. Victor_Clark

    Victor_Clark standing on the shoulders of giants Dealer

    It's year 1-- A.D. 239- 240
    ominus1 and JulesUK like this.
  10. Andrew McMenamin

    Andrew McMenamin Well-Known Member

    Thank you for a very interesting write-up. I have 4 or 5 Philip I's. Here's one depicting animals. Admittedly, not the greatest condition, but a pretty decent portrait.

    Philip I (the Arab); Æ28; Moesia Superior, Viminacium
    OBV: Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust r.; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG
    REV: Moesia stg l. between bull and lion; P M S COL VIM. AN VII in ex.
  11. Marsyas Mike

    Marsyas Mike Well-Known Member

    My go-to site for Viminacium coins is this one: index.html

    It is one of the most useful sites I know of to see varieties - great illustrations with a huge amount of detail and well-organized.

    Here are two of mine gifted to me by the generous tenbobbit recently. When attributing them, I used notes from the site linked above.

    Viminacium - Gord & Sev Octac tenb Jan 2020 (0).jpg

    Gordian III Æ Dupondius
    Year 4 (July 242-243 A.D.)
    Viminacium, Moesia
    IMP CAES M ANT [GORDIANVS AVG], radiate, draped & cuirassed bust right /
    PMS C OLVIM, Moesia stdg. facing, bull and lion either side. AN IIII in ex. Varbanov 119; Pick 84; Martin 1.32.1.
    (7.61 grams / 23 x 21 mm)

    Attribution Note:
    "Remark: Finer lettering and finer portrait of Gordian. On the reverse there is some spacing between PMS and the letter C and between de letter C and the
    head of Moesia." website

    Herennia Etruscilla Æ Sestertius
    Year 12 (250-251 A.D.)
    Viminacium, Moesia
    HER ETR - VSCILLA AV draped bust right / PM - S - COLVIM, Moesia standing
    between bull and lion, holding branch in raised right hand, left hand over lion, AN XII in ex.
    Pick 139; Varbanov 181
    (9.89 grams / 25 mm)

    Attribution Note:
    "The diadem in the hair is breaking the obverse legend between ETR and VSCILLA. The branch which Moesia is holding (makes) her look like the personification
    of Pax (peace). The message on this coin probably is that with the house of Decius the peace is restored in the Roman world." website

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  12. JulesUK

    JulesUK Well-Known Member

    What a great site, many thanks for this.
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