Discussion in 'Ancient Coins' started by Orange Julius, Dec 1, 2019.
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30-27 mm. 8.75 grams.
Galerius as Caesar at Rome, c.302-3
MAXIMIAVS NOB CAES
SACRA MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN
RIC VI Rome 104b, common.
If you want to know more about this reverse type, see
This variety that mentions "VRB" is issued only at Rome.
Along the same lines, I just got my first quarter follis, of Severus II, and I wanted to let you know how useful and enjoyable your website is on this subject - and thank you for putting it together. I used some of your site's information to put on the back of my flip for this coin (see below).
Keep up the good work: http://augustuscoins.com/ed/qf/
Severus II Æ Quarter Follis
FL VAL SEVERVS NOB C, laureate head right / GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius
standing left, modius on head, naked except for chlamys holding patera & cornucopiae, SIS in ex.
RIC VI Siscia 170a; Cohen 32.
(2.24 grams / 19 x 17 mm)
"In AD 305-306, just as the first tetrarchy was ending and the second beginning, the Roman mint of Siscia struck an AE type of unusual denomination... We don't know what it was called then, but in modern literature it is often termed the "quarter follis" or "denarius." Although there were 16 mints in the Roman empire striking coins at the time, only Siscia minted this small denomination, and only for
a very short time..." Augustuscoins.com
This coin is a bit of a change from my usual litany of woe as I knew that this coin was already considered posthumous when I purchased it. However it was thought that the title Basileos was placed on the coins minted at Amphipolis circa 323 BC. However with the transfer of Troxell's group E and F to the ranks of those coins minted after the death of Alexander the 323 BC date became untenable. In fact I am starting to think that even the 322 BC date is being somewhat optimistic. Because these coins are of a significantly different style that the Group E's I wonder if a new workshop had been set up to mint these coins.
I do really like these coins though, they came as a pair for less than $15 total. I didn't have a Crispus campgate from Rome and my similar Constantine Soli from Rome had some corrosion so this one is arguably better.
Crispus - RIC VII 266
Constantine I - RIC VII 27
What I like about this coin is that thought the image of Trajan is rather crudely drawn it still conveys something of the strength and vitality of the man. Despite being the image of a 63 year old man the image shows Trajan as a strong keen eyed individual with a firm jaw. Only the sagging flesh on the cheek betray the age of the individual portrayed.
That's a great coin. Trajan does look older here. Although I know we've had threads on the aging of emperors on coins (mainly Caracalla), it's fun to see. As for whether it's Saturday or not... Saturday doesn't end until you go to bed!
In this case, I'll take this as an opportunity to show this recent purchase. It's a denarius from the first year of Severus Alexander's reign. He became emperor in March 222 at about age 14 after the Praetorian Guard had assassinated his predecessor and cousin Elagabalus. Note how young the portrait still looks. It predates the development of the characteristic older imperial portrait of Severus Alexander, is based on his rare coins as Caesar, and resembles the coins of young Caracalla and Geta:
Severus Alexander, Roman Empire, AR denarius, 224 AD, Rome mint. Obv: IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG; bust of Severus Alexander, laureate and draped, r. Rev: P M TR P COS P P; Libertas, draped, standing l., holding pileus in r. hand and cornucopiae in l. hand. 19mm, 2.68 g. Ref: RIC IV Severus Alexander 11d.
Package spent something like 3 weeks in Germany as a result of the lockdown in that country because of COVID. Once it left it proceeded very quickly to Edmonton and then got stuck in customs. Wonderful. Finally I got it yesterday. Okay here are the two coins
Kassander as regent Ar Tetradrachm Amphipolis 317-305 BC In the name and types of Philip II of Macedon Obv. Head of Zeus right laureate Rv. Youth on horseback right Le Rider pt 46 17-18 25 mm Photo Gorny & Mosch
Second coin Kassander as Regent and King Ar Tetradrachm Amphipolis 315-294 BC In the name and types of Alexander III of Macedon. Obv. Beardless head of Herakles right in lion skin headdress. Rv. Zeus Aetophoros seated left. Price 447 17.05 grams 28 mm Photo by Gorny & Mosch
Kassander did not mint any precious metal coins in his name. He does mint some aes. Thus he continues in the glorious tradition of the kings of Macedon of making their coinage all but impenetrable to modern study. (I can almost hear their ghosts laughing at us) Kassander mints coins of two distinct weight standards the Thraco- Macedonian standard of Philip II as well as the Attic standard of his son Alexander III.
Since it was mentioned, I'll post my lowly coin. I bought this AE20 in 2019 at the last coin show I attended before you know what. Because the bottom legend is so off center, it came to me as an Alexander but when you know what to expect the tops of ΚΑΣΣΑΝΔΡΟΥ is clear enough. Sear lists the type as 6754 but with different monograms. Obviously, I would have preferred one centered to the top so the name could be more obvious.
I fear I should not mention it since killing women and children is no longer as fashionable as it was when Kassander executed the widow Roxanna and Alexander IV. Since this left an opening, Kassander assumed the title 'king' so this coin dates to 305-297 BC. In that time there were two prime ways to become king. You could be born son of the king OR you could kill the one who was. If you study history, you may discover that this last method was more common than you had realized. Kassander also ordered the deaths of several other people but I'll leave it to you to read about that. Being in any way related to Alexander was not a safe situation.
Saturday night trivia: Why is the coin below ever so slightly appropriate to post here? Hint: I bought it for the legend. The goats were a bonus. ex.PeteB 2000.
Nice coin.... sorta looks like Pietas is telling someone how she really feels
another bronze from Kassander:
29-25 mm. 5.66 grams.
Bust of Christ facing
Bust of the Virgin Mary facing, orans (with hands in that position)
Roman Republic, C Valerius Flaccus, 82 BC
Obv: Head of Victory (Facing Right)
Rev: Legionary eagle between two standards.
Av Stater of Kassander Amphipolis 300-290 BC In the name and types of Alexander III Obv Helmeted head of Athena. Rv Nike standing left. in field trident. Price 172 HGC 987 8.60 grams 19 mm Photo by W. Hansen
If you think separating the lifetime tetradrachms from the posthumous issues is fun, the staters are even more problematic. The trident symbol in the left field is used from when the stater coinage was initiated in 332 BC and continued to be used until the very end and can be used at other mints. The only means to identify a lifetime issue is to study the style of the coin. Lifetime issues have larger longer helmets with correspondingly smaller faces. As can be seen in this coin the face is large and the helmet is rather shorter and smaller. The vast majority of the Alexander staters from Amphipolis that have been offered for sale over the last twenty years have been posthumous. Working on the coinage of the Macedonian Kings reminds me of this
Faustina I, AD 138-140.
Roman provincial Æ 19.1 mm, 4.17 g, 7 h.
Phrygia, Ankyra, AD 138-140.
Obv: ΦΑΥϹΤЄΙΝΑ ϹЄΒΑϹΤΗ, bare-headed and draped bust, right.
Rev: ΑΝΚΥΡ-ΑΝΩΝ, cult statue of Ephesian Artemis standing facing, wearing kalathos, arms resting on supports and flanked by two stags.
Refs: RPC IV.2, 1732 (temporary); SNG Cop 139.
Notes: The Greek obverse inscription, ΦΑΥϹΤЄΙΝΑ ϹЄΒΑϹΤΗ, makes no mention of the empress' deified status and corresponds to FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, used on imperial issues from AD 139-140. Accordingly, RPC dates the coin to "early in the reign of Antoninus Pius," and suggests "c. 138-140."
Faustina II, AD 147-175.
Roman orichalcum sestertius, 24.17 g, 31.0 mm, 5 h.
Rome, AD 153.
Obv: FAVSTINA AVG PII AVG FIL, bare-headed and draped bust, right, with earlier (Beckmann type 2b) coiffure.
Rev: S C, Diana, draped, standing front, head left, holding out arrow in right hand and resting left on bow, set on ground.
Refs: RIC 1383(3); BMCRE 2180-81; Cohen 206; Strack 1325; Sear 4717.
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