Featured Roman Republic denarii with reverses showing animals (other than horses)

Discussion in 'Ancient Coins' started by DonnaML, Feb 3, 2020.

  1. DonnaML

    DonnaML Supporter! Supporter

    I particularly like Republican denarii with reverses showing animals, so I thought I'd post a few of mine. I'm excluding horses -- real and mythological -- because that would take in what seem to me to be a substantial minority (if not a majority) of Republican coins, especially the earlier ones.

    Instead, here are a bull, a lion, a dolphin, a hound, and a wild boar. (In addition, although I won't re-post the Juno Sospita denarius from the thread about shields, there's a small snake on the lower right of the reverse of that coin. See https://www.cointalk.com/attachments/l-procili-juno-sospita-reverse-jpg.1061246/.)

    The images are all from the sellers, except the last one.

    First, the bull: Roman Republic, L. Thorius Balbus, AR Denarius, 105 BCE. Obv. Head of Juno Sospita R., “ISMR” [Iunonis Sospitae Magnae Reginae] / Rev. Bull Charging Right, A above, “L. THORIUS BALBUS.” RSC I Thoria 1, Crawford 316/1, Sear RCV I 192. 20.11 mm., 3.85 g. David R. Sear Certificate of Authenticity, 11/16/2012, No. 690CY/RR/CO/C.

    Thorius Balbus (bull) (2).jpg

    Next, the lion: Roman Republic. C. Poblicius Q.f. AR Serrate Denarius, 80 BCE. Obverse: Head of Roma right, wearing helmet decorated with grain ears; ROMA behind / Rev: C•POBLICI•Q•F; Hercules standing left, strangling the Nemean Lion; bow and quiver to left, club below. Crawford 380/1; RSC I Poblicia 9; Sydenham 768. 20.13 mm., 3.84 g.

    Poblicius (Hercules & Nemean Lion).jpg

    Next, the dolphin: Roman Republic, L Lucretius Trio, 76 BCE, AR Denarius. Obv. Laureate head of Neptune right, XXXIII above and trident behind/ Rev. Cupid (or Infant Genius) on dolphin right; L LVCRETIVS TRIO. Crawford 390/2, Sydenham 784, RSC I Lucretia 3.19 mm., 3.9 g.

    Lucretius Trio (boy on dolphin).jpg
    Next, the hound: Roman Republic, C. Postumius, AR Denarius, Rome 74 BCE. Obv. Bust of Diana R. w/ bow and quiver/ Rev. Hound running R., hunting spear below, “C POSTUMI TA” in exergue. RSC I Postumia 9, Crawford 394/1, Sear RCV I 330. 18 mm., 3.83 g.

    Postumius (Diana and hound).jpg

    Finally, the wild boar (with another hound as a bonus animal!): Roman Republic, C. Hosidius C.f. Geta, AR Denarius 68 BCE. Obv. Diademed and draped bust of Diana R., bow and quiver over shoulder, GETA before, III VIR behind/ Rev. Wild boar of Calydon r., pierced in shoulder by spear and attacked by hound beneath, C. HOSIDI C F in exergue. RSC I Hosidia 1 (ill.), Crawford 407/2, Sydenham 903, Sear RCV I 346 (ill.). 18 mm., 3.91 g.

    Hosidia O1.jpg

    Hosidia R2.jpg

    As sellers like to say, this one looks much better "in hand" than in the photos I took. I bought it at the recent NYINC a few weeks ago, which is why I have no seller's photo. (I was there for several hours on the Friday afternoon -- perhaps some of you were also there, and I unknowingly crossed your paths. I certainly wasn't the only woman there as a collector, but, as usual, there weren't very many! In fact, there seemed to be more women behind the dealers' tables than in front of them.)

    If any of you have your own Republican animal reverses (non-equine variety!) that you'd like to post, I'd love to see them.
    Last edited: Feb 4, 2020
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  3. Orielensis

    Orielensis Well-Known Member

    This is a fantastic selection of Republican denarii! Especially the Hosidius with the boar reverse is stunning. Thanks for showing them.

    Though mine are not as nice as yours, I also like animals on Roman Republican coins, and I can add two goats, a she-wolf (with a bird detail), a pair of oxen, a stork, and an elephant.

    Römische Republik – Denar, Renius, Ziegenbiga.png
    Roman Republic, moneyer: Gaius Renius, AR denarius, 138 BC, Rome mint. Obv: helmeted head of Roma r.; behind, X. Rev: Juno in biga of goats r., wearing diadem and holding sceptre and reins in l. hand and whip in r. hand; below, C. REN; in exergue, ROM[A]. 16mm, 3.41g. Ref: RRC 231/1.

    Römische Republik – Denar, Sex. Pomeius Fostlus, Romulus und Remus mit Wölfin.png
    Roman Republic, moneyer: Sex. Pompeius Fostlus, 137 BC, Rome mint. Obv: head of Roma, helmeted, r.; behind, jug; before, X. Rev: SEX·PO[M FOSTVLVS]; she-wolf suckling twins r.; behind, Ficus Ruminalis with bird; in l. field, the shepherd Faustulus leaning on staff; in exergue, [RO]MA. 18mm, 3.87g. Rev: RRC 235/1c.

    Römische Republik – Denar, Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius, Pietas Elefant.jpg
    Roman Republic, imperatorial issue of Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius, AR denarius, 81 BC, Northern Italian mint. Obv: diademed head of Pietas r.; to right, stork standing r. Rev: Q C M P I; elephant standing l., wearing bell around neck. 17mm, 3.55g. Ref: RRC 374/1. Ex JB collection; ex AMCC 2, lot 105 (their picture).

    Römische Republik – Denar, Marius Capito, Ceres, Ochsengespann.png
    Roman Republic, moneyer: C. Marius C. f. Capito, AR denarius serratus, 81 BC, Rome mint. Obv: CAPIT; head of Ceres, diademed, r., control number CV; control mark (whip?) before. Rev: C. MARI. C. F. / S. C; ploughman with two oxen l.; above, control number CV. 18mm, 3.88g. Ref: RRC 378/1c.
    Last edited: Feb 4, 2020
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  4. DonnaML

    DonnaML Supporter! Supporter

    Great coins! Although I'm disappointed that there are no mice (which I thought there would be until I realized that that was a typo)!
    Last edited: Feb 4, 2020
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  5. rrdenarius

    rrdenarius non omnibus dormio Supporter

    one of my favorites, snakes with a plumb bob
    Plumb Bob.JPG
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  6. Orielensis

    Orielensis Well-Known Member

    Yes, sorry for the disappointment... just a typo (now corrected).

    Yet, it might actually also have been subconscious wishful thinking: there is a very desirable Republican denarius showing a mouse. I don't own an example (yet), but I think I remember from an earlier thread that @dougsmit has one.
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  7. rrdenarius

    rrdenarius non omnibus dormio Supporter

    Is a rat close enough @DonnaML ?
    I can not find a pic of mine, so I borrowed one by CNG on acsearch.

    Ti. Quinctius. 112-111 BC. Fourrée Denarius (20mm, 3.34 g, 9h). Copying Rome mint. Laureate and bearded bust of Hercules left, seen from behind, wearing lion skin across shoulders, club over right shoulder / Two horses galloping left with a naked rider ( desultor ) on the nearer horse; rat right below. Cf. Crawford 297/1b; cf. Sydenham 563; cf. Quinctia 6. VF, toned, large plating breaks on reverse.
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  8. zumbly

    zumbly Ha'ina 'ia mai ana ka puana Supporter

    Great coins, @DonnaML!

    No mice, but here's a well-known one with a rat.
    RR - T Quinctius New 219.jpg ROMAN REPUBLIC
    AR Denarius. 3.83g, 20mm. Rome mint, 112-111 BC. Crawford 297/1b; Sydenham 563; Quinctia 6. O: Laureate bust of Hercules left, seen from behind, wearing lion skin across shoulders, club over right shoulder. R: Two horses galloping left; a desultor riding the nearest one; • / X above, rat below; TI and Q; D • S • S incuse on tablet in exergue.

    Do control devices count? Below the griffin on this one, there's a... uh...dog? fox? crocodile? ichneumon?
    RR - L Papius Snake Fox New 2017.jpg
    AR Serrate Denarius. 3.92g, 18.8mm. Rome mint, 79 BC. Crawford 384/1, pl. LXVII, symbols 122; Sydenham 773. O: Head of Juno Sospita right; behind, coiled snake. R: Griffin leaping right; below, animal with raised tail (fox, ichneumon, or dog) crouched right; L • PAPI in exergue.
    Ex E.E. Clain-Stefanelli Collection
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  9. thejewk

    thejewk Well-Known Member

    @zumbly definitely a doxodile.
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  10. DonnaML

    DonnaML Supporter! Supporter

    @zumbly That rat is almost as big as the guy on the horse. I guess they don't make them like they used to!

    And I don't know what that is under the griffin, but of course the griffin counts on its own. Because a griffin is not a horse.
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  11. zumbly

    zumbly Ha'ina 'ia mai ana ka puana Supporter

    Is it weird if they're partly human? :shame:
    RR - T Carisius Sphinx Mikey Zee.jpg ROMAN REPUBLIC
    AR Denarius. 3.93g, 18mm. Rome mint, 46 BC. T. Carisius, moneyer. Crawford 464/1; Sydenham 983. O: Female head (Sphinx or Sibyl Herophile) right, hair elaborately decorated with jewels and enclosed in a sling and tied with bands. R: T.CARISIVS, Sphinx seated right; III.VIR in exergue.
    Ex Mikey Zee Collection; ex Agora Auctions 31, 28 April 2015, lot 129; ex PBJI Ancient Coins and Antiquities
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  12. Alegandron

    Alegandron "ΤΩΙ ΚΡΑΤΙΣΤΩΙ..." ΜΕΓΑΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΣ, June 323 BCE Supporter

    RR Allius Bala 92 BCE AR Den Diana Biga Stags Sear 221 Craw336-1 scarce

    RR Anon Half-Litra 235-230 BCE
    AE 11.1mm, 1.41g
    Obv: Head of Diana right, Phrygian Helmet
    Rev: Dog right w/ left foreleg raised; Roma in ex
    Sear 598 Craw 26-4
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  13. Alegandron

    Alegandron "ΤΩΙ ΚΡΑΤΙΣΤΩΙ..." ΜΕΓΑΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΣ, June 323 BCE Supporter

    RR C Mamilius 82 BCE AR Den Serrate Mercury caduceus Ulysses Dog Argos Sear 282 Craw 362-1
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  14. Roman Collector

    Roman Collector Supporter! Supporter

    I have a goat, too:

    Fonteius Denarius Dioscuri Goat.jpg
    Mn. Fonteius C.f., 85 BC.
    Roman AR Denarius, 3.97 g, 21.0 mm, 5h.
    Rome mint.
    Obv: MN. FONTEI C. F, Laureate head of Apollo-Vejovis right; thunderbolt below; Roma monogram below chin.
    Rev: Infant Genius seated right on goat; pilei of the Dioscuri above; below, filleted thyrsus right; all within wreath.
    Refs: Crawford 353/1a; Sydenham 724; Fonteia 9; BMCRR 2476; RCV 271; Varesi 290.
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  15. DonnaML

    DonnaML Supporter! Supporter

    I saw a few of those at NYINC and liked them a lot and was really tempted to buy one, but the goat and infant Genius are just so tiny that they're very difficult for me to see without a magnifier.
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  16. dougsmit

    dougsmit Member Supporter

    Great group. My goat is having a bad day compared to those animals tasked to pull vehicles.

    My pig is just for oth swearing. While I swore several oths in my life, none involved pigs.

    The man under the horses is fighting a beast I have seen identified as a lion and as a specific breed of large dog. Do you have an opinion on this matter?
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  17. Roman Collector

    Roman Collector Supporter! Supporter

    Looks like a unicorn to me! :D
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  18. Archeocultura

    Archeocultura Well-Known Member

    A yoke of oxen and my favorite doggy. Crawford 26-4 half litra cat 02-005.jpg Crawford 378-1 Marius Capito denarius 2-273.jpg
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  19. Fugio1

    Fugio1 Supporter! Supporter

    There are horses here... But also a little dog.
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  20. Alegandron

    Alegandron "ΤΩΙ ΚΡΑΤΙΣΤΩΙ..." ΜΕΓΑΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΣ, June 323 BCE Supporter

    Cool how that flan crack cuts through the reverse... details preserved!
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  21. Alegandron

    Alegandron "ΤΩΙ ΚΡΑΤΙΣΤΩΙ..." ΜΕΓΑΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΣ, June 323 BCE Supporter

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