Discussion in 'Ancient Coins' started by JayAg47, Sep 23, 2020.
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Small coins require deciding if the size is original or the result of wear or damage. Your Julia Domna come from a period known for sub-standard size coins. My is large for these and odd for the reverse SANCTAS spelling. Official?
Largest in diameter: Julia Paula (21 mm) and Julia Mamaea (20.5 mm.) Oddly enough, they're both very much on the light side (2.49 and 2.88 g., respectively), although not my lightest.
Smallest flan in diameter: L. Roscius Fabatus serrate denarius (Juno Sospita/Maiden feeding snake), 16 mm. (but 3.93 g.) It looks like it was probably clipped around the rim.
Heaviest in grams: L. Piso Frugi (Apollo/horseman) (4.02 g.) and Aulus Plautius (Cybele/Bacchius Judaeus with camel) (4.25 g.).
Lightest in grams: I have a half-dozen between 2.49 and 3.0 g., but the two lightest by quite a bit are my denarii of Macrinus (1.58 g.) and Maximus Caesar (son of Maximinus Thrax) (1.7 g.) Both are 19 mm. in diameter.
@dougsmit and @JayAg47, does any of this have any significance? I have no idea, although I remember wondering when I bought the last two why they were so light.
The Story of the Coin Struck to Fight Hannibal: The First Denarius and its Influence
Second Punic War (218 – 201 BC)
Anonymous AR Denarius, Rome Mint, struck ca. 211 BC
Wt.: 4.2 g
Dia.: 20 mm
Obv.: Helmeted head of Roma right. X in left field
Rev.: Dioscuri galloping right. ROMA in exergue and partially incuse on raised tablet
Ref.: Crawford 44/5. Sydenham 167. RBW 169.
Ex Numismatic Ars Classica Auction 100 Part II, Lot 1368 (May 30, 2017)
My lightest coin that could unambiguously be called a denarius is probably this one.
Geta as Caesar
AR Denarius, Rome mint, struck ca. AD 198-200
Dia.: 18 mm
Wt.: 2.33 g
Obv.: L SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES. Bareheaded and draped bust right.
Rev.: FELICITAS TEMPOR. Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia.
Ref.: RIC IVa 2
Ex AMCC 1 (Dec. 1, 2018)
However, the 3rd century crises brought with it a lot of coin debasement and strict denominations become more complex to identify. These debased “denarii” if we can call them that can be pretty light sometimes.
ALL Ancient Coins are Worthy of Study
Aurelian (AD 270-275)
AE Denarius, Rome mint, 1st officina
Dia.: 18.5 mm
Wt.: 2.2 g
Obv.:IMP AVRELIANVS AVG; Laureate, draped bust right.
Rev.: VICTORIA AVG; Victory walking left, holding wreath and palm, captive at food left. A in exergue
Ref.: RIC V-a 73
Aurelian (AD 270-275)
Dia.: 18.2 mm
Wt.: 1.5 g
Obv.: Radiate, draped bust right.
Rev.: IOVI CON-SER (?); Emperor standing right, (holding sceptre?), receiving globe from Jupiter, standing left holding sceptre.
not in my collection, however, it caught my attention last week in CNG 115 auction, lot 553. The coin is 19 mm in dia., but weighs 4.65 gm ! It sold for $720.00.
Roman Republic, C. Antonius Balbus, 83-82 BC, AR Denarius, Rome Mint.
One is 3.87 grams
The other is 3.88 grams.
One is 15.4 mm
The other is 22.3 mm.
L. Julius L.f. Caesar, 103 BC, AR denarius
Obv: Helmeted head of Mars left; retrograde B• above
Rev: Venus Genetrix driving biga left, drawn by two Cupids; lyre before them, retrograde B• above
Ref: Crawford 320/1; Sydenham 593a; Julia 4a
L. Julius L.f. Caesar
a relative of Julius Caesar the dictator
one of the earliest members of the family to attain the consulship
governor of Macedonia in 94 BC
consul during the Social War
passed the basic law which offered Roman citizenship to the Italian allies
opponent of Marius
killed when Marius returned to Rome in 87 BC
grandfather of Mark Antony
The other is
Lucius Caesius, 112-111 BC, AR Denarius, Rome mint
Obv: Youthful, diademed and draped bust of Vejovis left, seen from behind, hurling thunderbolt with right hand; monogram to right
Rev: Two Lares seated right on rock, each holding a spear in left hand; dog between them, the Lar on right petting head of dog with right hand; head of Vulcan and tongs above; (E retrograde)R monogram to right; L • CÆSI in exergue
Ref: Crawford 298/1; Sydenham 564; Caesia 1
Both are RR denarii from the end of the 2nd century BC.
Separate names with a comma.