This year I am not focusing on collecting, but intent on photographing my coins as best I can. I have a very small dark side collection, and no real goals for a specific set. Rather I am eclectic in this and will eventually maybe find my way to a particular grouping. Although I have photo'd some of my coins already and shared them, my goal is to systematically go through and re-photograph as best I can, and then update and create an album. In the end, I may re-do some if I feel I can represent them better as to what they actually look like as far as color, depth, etc. Any I post with info you thing is not quite right, let me know. I really do want to also know my coins and find out what I should be learning about them to really appreciate these. My first one for 2019 photographing on Ancients in this endeavor: Philip I (Feb 244- Aug or Sep 249 AD) Ref Philip I AR Antoninianus, RIC 52, RSC 239, SEAR 8974 Philip I AR Antoninianus (Philip the Arab). Obv: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate draped bust right Rev: VIRTVS AVG, Virtus (or Minerva) standing left, foot on helmet holding olive branch & spear. RIC 52; Cohen 239; Sear 8974. Philip succeeded Gordian III, and was in his short time sympathetic to the Christian faith. He was born in the Roman provice of Arabia, in what is now Shahba, Syria, which is about 56 miles outside of Damascus, and was the son of Julius Marinus, a citizen there. He had a brother, Gaius Julius Priscus who was a member of the Praetorian Guard under Gordian II, and Philip's wife was Marcia Otacilia Severa. He was killed in Beroea, in Macedonia at the battle of Verona, possibly in what is now Bulgaria but which territory was part of the Macedon rule but was not the Kindom but was part of the dependent Territory. Some places are putting Berea/Verea/Virea, etc., (Beroea) as being at Aleppo, Syria, and others as in Northern Greece (which was evidenty in the Kindom of Macedon then) or in Verona, in Italy, and it is confusing when looking at info on-line. I am thinking it actually was in Macedonia, just to the west of the Black Sea rather than away from that area and in Syria, Italy or Greece. At this time simply don't know which current place that battle actually took place. (Look for updates from me in this thread when I get the info) Philip married Marcia Otacila Severa. They had two sons and one daughter, a son named Marcus Julius Philippus Severus (Philippus II and co-ruler, as ordained by Philip I in 247), born in 238, a daughter called Julia Severa or Severina who is known from numismatic evidence but is never mentioned by the ancient Roman sources and a son named Quintus Philippus Severus, born in 247. Philippus II, was killed also in 249 by the Praetorian guard, shortly after his father was killed, and the boy was 11 or 12 years old. This so Philip I could be succeeded by Gaius Messius Quintus Decius (Decius), also known as Trajan Decius, who was the man who bested Philip I in the battle of Verona. No mention is found to say that the rest of the family died then, too or if his heirs lived longer than the year 249. What is said is that Philippus II died in his mother's arms. The goddess Minerva (Virtus --- 'courage') was a Roman deity who was goddess of the world; she was the embodiment of the imperial ideal of the city as ruler of the world, so on this coin, she personifies the city of Rome.