A new purchase. RIC ii (p. 290) comments on the "brass as" denomination: "The revival of the orichalcum as, which had been introduced by Nero and discontinued by his successors, is not easy to explain. Possibly these coins were designed for circulation in the East. Their issue is confined to the latter part of Trajan's reign." Two questions: 1) Anyone have additional references for the bucranium countermark? 2) Some sources state this was struck in Rome for use in Syria, some that it was struck in Antioch. What is the latest opinion about this by experts? Thanks! And, of course, post anything you feel is relevant! Trajan. A.D. 98-117. Roman orichalcum as, 8.49 g, 23.5 mm, 6 h. Struck in Rome for circulation in Syria (?); Struck in Antioch (?), AD 115/16. Obv: IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GERM, radiate and draped bust right; c/m: bucranium within incuse punch. Rev: DAC PARTHICO P M TR POT XX COS VI P P around laurel wreath enclosing large SC. Refs: RIC 647; BMCRE 1094; Cohen 123; RCV 3243; Woytek 937v; McAlee 509; Strack 479; BN 953-5. For c/m: Pangerl 63; Howgego 294. Notes: Howgego (p. 160) notes six specimens found in the west* and states these finds "are an indication of the movement of coin by troops returning from the east after the Parthian war and do not imply that the countermark was western." For a similar example with this countermark, see BMCRE 3, 1095 (pl.45, 4). *Mayenne, Bath (Walker, Coins from the Sacred Spring at Bath, plate XXX, no. 13), Richborough (BM 1937 0212 119), Northants (PAS NARC-B683C2), and Coventina's well.