Sicily, Syracuse. Dionysios I (The Tyrant) AR Dekadrachm (36mm, 40.89 g, 7h). Reverse Signed by Euainetos. Struck circa 405-390 BC. Charioteer, holding kentron in extended right hand and reins in left, driving fast quadriga left; above, Nike flying right, crowning charioteer with laurel wreath held in her extended hands; below heavy exergual line, [military harness], shield, greaves, cuirass, and crested Attic helmet, all connected by a horizontal spear; [AΘΛA below] / Head of Arethousa left, wearing wreath of grain ears, triple-pendant earring, and pearl necklace; Δ below chin, four swimming dolphins around, [EY-AINE along lower edge]. Gallatin dies R.XI/D.I; Scavino 32 (D9/R19); HGC 2, 1299; SNG ANS 371 (same rev. die); SNG Copenhagen 691 (same dies); BMC 174 (same rev. die); Dewing 902 (same dies); Gulbenkian 314 (same rev. die); Pozzi 614 (same dies); Rizzo pl. LIV, 4 (same dies). Lightly toned, corrosion and roughness, some cleaning marks. From the Judy Day Frink Collection. Was pleasantly surprised when my bid won. Has a few scrapes and a pockmarked reverse but its my first decadrachm and I'm actually quite thrilled with it. Without going into a long history lesson, Dionysios I (Dionysius) (The Elder) was the tyrant of Syracuse who made it into one of the wealthiest cities of ancient Greece through conquests. The decadrachm was most likely used pay Greek mercenaries who helped his conquests and the general consensus is that these large coins were quickly melted down by the soldiers, hence the scarcity of the denomination. His policies of warfare against his neighbours was the main reason for his power but also his downfall. Some say he drank himself to death whereas others believe his son had a hand in his death.