Featured Medieval - The Champagne Fairs

Discussion in 'Ancient Coins' started by FitzNigel, Feb 3, 2017.

  1. FitzNigel

    FitzNigel Medievalist Supporter

    I don't know how I missed the long discussion about medievals with ancients! TIF - no need to apologize! I know my area of interest is the oddball out (I've said before, ancients are the dark side, medievals are the bastard children), and like you, I skip over posts that I don't have an interest in. I just enjoy having a forum where there are people who appreciate the history and the coins!
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  3. Alegandron

    Alegandron "ΤΩΙ ΚΡΑΤΙΣΤΩΙ..." ΜΕΓΑΣ ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΣ, June 323 BCE Supporter

    Even though I have very few Medievals, I enjoy reading the threads.
    Severus Alexander and FitzNigel like this.
  4. stevex6

    stevex6 Random Mayhem

    Ahaha, I always thought that the Meds were already part of the Ancients? (I always post both of my acquisitions on this site) ... sorry if I've been a coin-renegade!! (Meds & Ancients just seem like a cool combo, right?)
    Severus Alexander and FitzNigel like this.
  5. seth77

    seth77 Well-Known Member

    I'd like to revive this thread with an interesting and, I think, rare coin, stemming from the beginning of coinage in the area: an anonymous denier of the 990s:

    provins sens.JPG
    Sorry for the photo, I guess it's the British aesthetics.

    The coins comes from a British collector and is what some would call a "large denier" off cca. 21/22mm and 1.1-1.6g.

    Poey d'Avant lists 3 similar types (#5959-5961, p. 248) while Boudeau describes this exact type as #1753, p. 224.

    Why is this coin interesting?

    Well, because it can, by the strength of the obverse monogram (interpreted by Boudeau as a monogramme reverse of Raoul), be ascribed to the reigns of Eudes I de Provins et Blois (975-996) and his cousin and ally Renard/Renaud de Sens (948-996/9), and as such is one of the first coinages for both Provins et Sens, before the champ/peigne and alpha and omega cross on the obverse type, which appeared around 1025-1030 (starting with Boudeau #1754) in Champagne.
    Last edited: Oct 10, 2018
    TheRed, Bing, chrsmat71 and 1 other person like this.
  6. FitzNigel

    FitzNigel Medievalist Supporter

    Awesome coin Seth - is it yours? It would be nice if we could see more details.

    By the way, here are some better photos of the coins in the OP:

    Med-05a-FCh-1180-Henry II-D-Troyes-4145.jpg
    French Feudal, Champagne
    Henry II, r. 1180-97
    Troyes Mint, AR Denier, 20.52 mm x 0.9 grams
    Obv.: +HENRI COMES, Cross Pattee with annulet in 2nd and 3rd quarters
    Rev.: +TRECAS CIVITAS, TEBO Monogram
    Ref.: Roberts 4145

    Med-05a-FCh-1181-Henry II-D-Provins-4727.jpg
    French Feudal, Champagne
    Henry II, r. 1181-1197
    Provins Mint, AR Denier 18.4 mm x 1.0 grams
    Obv.: CASTRI PRVVINS. Comb of Champagne, 'V' made of three triangles above, annulet on either side, legend beginning at 10hr.
    Rev.: +HENRI COMES. Cross Pattee, pellet in first quarter, omega in second, alpha in third, and annulet in fourth
    Ref.: Roberts, 4727 variety, De Wit 512-13 variety

    Italy - Rome
    Roman Senate, c. 12-13th C.
    AR Denier, 17.26 mm x 0.9 grams
    Obv.: [RO]M[A CAPVT] MV[N]. Legend beginning at 3hr. Comb center, S above with sun to left and moon to right
    Rev.: [SENATVS . P.O.R.]. Cross patee, 1st q. moon, 2nd q. pellet, 3rd q. star, 4th q. V
    Ref.: Roberts 4733 Variety
    Note: Imitative of Champagne

    I’m away from my reference a the moment, but I wonder if the reverse inscription on the Roman coin (not visible on my coin) is actually SENATVS PQR instead of POR... it would be an interesting continuation of the Roman senate if that is the case, and I wouldn’t put it past myself to have a typo...
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  7. Milesofwho

    Milesofwho Omnivorous collector

    I think does have a Q, and I always thought it was an interesting continuation too. I had a chance to see three blanks from the Roman Senate period. Maybe I’ll buy them someday.
  8. Aethelred

    Aethelred The Old Dead King Supporter

    @FitzNigel Great thread, I really enjoyed reading it. As is usually the case with a well written thread, now I want one.
    FitzNigel likes this.
  9. TheRed

    TheRed Supporter! Supporter

    That was a great read @FitzNigel and the coins are wonderful. I now have a really strong urge to head over to CGB and start spending!
    FitzNigel likes this.
  10. FitzNigel

    FitzNigel Medievalist Supporter

    The deniers provinois of Thibauld II come up often for a good price (and are usually much nicer than mine...). I would like to upgrade at so,e point, or maybe just add a few more. Getting these coins was partly because of my interest in the coins of the Angevins, as Henry II was the grandson of Eleanor of Aquitaine from her first marriage (he daughter, Marie de Champagne, married Henry I). When I stumbled upon the Roman imitations, I just knew I had to grab one of those as well...

    It feels a little weird to be talking about year old purchases like this... oh well - I still love the coins. I wish I had more time to do some more write ups, as I have gotten a few nice pieces in the last year. Work just keeps bogging me down...
  11. seth77

    seth77 Well-Known Member

    The coin is well worn and the photos are not very clear, but that is mostly due to the condition of the coin I suppose.

    As I noted yesterday, with a diameter of 22x21mm, and a weight of 1.15g, it is one of the "large deniers" of the late 10th century.

    OBV: + PSDIVNS CATO (or similar)

    Here is the monogram, as I understand it, a degenere by all means, but a different-looking degeneree:


    than Boudeau lists and draws for #1751, here, note the differences (besides my lack of talent at drawing):


    At #1753, Boudeau lists a similar example, but with a reversed monogram than the one of #1751. I think it is a different variation of an earlier monogram (maybe even of Raoul as Boudeau notes, or a Raoul monogram redrawn to become a monogram of Eudes himself) and not just a monogramme reverse.

    Boudeau #1751 dates from around 977 as a terminus post quem. The spec I posted yesterday is later, but prior to the change that happened at the beginning of the 11th century, when the champ/peigne arrived.

    So its possible date is most likely at the end of the reign of Eudes I, considering the overall design, the monogram and the weight, plus the hoard information provided by the hoards of Puy (Lafaurie, Le trésor monétaire du Puy (Haute-Loire). Contribution à l’étude de la monnaie de la fin du Xe siècle) and Fecamp (F. Dumas-Dubourg, Le Trésor de Fécamp et le monnayage en Francie occidentale pendant la seconde moitié du Xe siècle).

    The authors give it a terminus ante quem of 996 to 999.
    Last edited: Oct 11, 2018 at 11:35 AM
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  12. This thread inspired me to get one of the Roman imitative deniers. This will represent Rome in my “one medieval coin from each city I visited in Europe” collection.

    It was NOT easy to find (only one available as far as I could tell in a half-hour of searching).

    Bing, FitzNigel and Orfew like this.
  13. FitzNigel

    FitzNigel Medievalist Supporter

    They are scarce! Yours is nice and round though
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