Discussion in 'Ancient Coins' started by Roman Collector, Jul 14, 2019.

  1. Roman Collector

    Roman Collector Well-Known Member

    The reverse inscription MAT AVGG MAT SEN M PATR is an abbreviated form of the title, Mater Augustorum, Mater Senatus, Mater Patriae, which had never before been conferred on any empress. It is translated as "Mother of the Emperors, Mother of the Senate, Mother of the Country."

    The way the figure of Julia Domna is stylized (holding a branch and scepter), in conjunction with her remarkable titles on the reverse, assimilates her to the great mother goddess, Cybele, implying that she is the counterpart on earth of the mother of the gods.[1] This depiction and titulature emphasize the extraordinary political influence enjoyed by Julia Domna in the period following the death of her husband, Septimius Severus.[2]

    Denarii with this reverse inscription were issued depicting Julia standing as well as enthroned.

    Post anything you deem relevant!

    Here are the examples in my collection:

    Domna MAT AVGG MAT SEN M PATR standing denarius.jpg
    Julia Domna, AD 193-217.
    Roman AR Denarius, 2.93 g, 20.3 mm, 6 h.
    Rome, AD 211-217.
    Obv: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, bare-headed and draped bust, right.
    Rev: MAT AVGG MAT SEN M PATR, Julia standing left, holding olive branch and scepter
    Refs: RIC 380; BMCRE 11; RSC 114; RCV 7102, Hill 1244; Temeryazev & Makarenko 357.

    Domna MAT AVGG MAT SEN M PATR denarius.jpg
    Julia Domna, AD 193-217
    Roman AR Denarius, 3.17 g, 19.2 mm, 12 h.
    Rome, AD 211-217.
    Obv: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, bare-headed and draped bust, right
    Rev: MAT AVGG MAT SEN M PATR, Julia seated left, holding olive branch and scepter
    Refs: RIC 381; BMCRE 12-13; RSC 111; RCV 7103, Hill 1265; Temeryazev & Makarenko 358.

    1. Mattingly, RIC IV, part 1, p. 89
    2. Sear, RCV, p. 551
    Last edited: Jul 17, 2019
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  3. Valentinian

    Valentinian Well-Known Member

    I like the types because they are unique to Julia Domna. As you may know, I have a web site which discusses maybe 100 such types in quiz format (I show the reverse which links to another page with both sides and discussion):

    Here are my two like those of @Roman Collector :

    Julia Domna. 20-19 mm. 3.29 grams.
    RIC 380 (under Caracalla). Sear II 7102.

    Julia Domna. 18 mm. 3.62 grams.
    RIC 381. Sear II 7103.
    Last edited: Aug 15, 2019
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  4. PeteB

    PeteB Well-Known Member

    Here is mine:
    Æ Sestertius. (32mm; 19.33 gm; 1h).
  5. zumbly

    zumbly Ha'ina 'ia mai ana ka puana

    Count me in as a fan of the type.

    Julia Domna - Mat Avgg Mat Sen AK 2567.jpg JULIA DOMNA
    AR Denarius. 2.93g, 20.3mm. Rome mint, AD 211 (under Caracalla). RIC IV (Caracalla) 381. O: IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG, draped bust right; hair waved vertically and fastened in large bun on back; five ridges. R: MAT AVGG MAT SEN M PATR, Julia Domna seated left, holding branch extended in right hand, sceptre transverse, pointing up to right, in left.
    Ex A.K. Collection (Triton XX, 9 Jan 17, Part of Lot 614); ex stock Münzen und Medaillen Basel 1969
    DonnaML, PeteB, Marsyas Mike and 8 others like this.
  6. curtislclay

    curtislclay Well-Known Member

    Clearly a type of the joint reign of Caracalla and Geta in 211, since the titles PIA FELIX were apparently only added to Domna's coins when Septimius died in February 211, and she cannot have been called MATER AVGG, Mother of Two Augusti, after Caracalla had Geta assassinated and condemned his memory in December 211.

    Note the differing identities of the two ladies on the reverse: the seated figure is Domna herself with ridges in her hair, while the standing figure has the typical hairstyle of a goddess, so should perhaps be called Pax.
    Last edited: Sep 12, 2021
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