As an illegitimate son of Jean II, Jacques was skipped as a potential inheritor of the Kingdom of Cyprus in 1458, in favor of Charlotte, Jean's legitimate daughter. Jacques, at that time Latin archbishop of Nicosia, refused to acknowledge her accession and in December of 1458 he left Cyprus to Egypt to secure an alliance with the Mamluks and gain the support of the Sultan of Egypt in his claim for the throne. In September 1460, a Mamluk fleet under Jacques command reached Cyprus and most of Cyprus surrendered to him by the end of 1460. But the conflict continued between Charlotte and her husband Louis de Savoia who held Kyrenia on one hand and Jacques and the Mamluk mercenaries on the other until the autumn of 1464, when Charlotte renounced her claim and left for Italy. During this period of de facto civil war, George Boustronios, the chronicler of Cyprus tells us that Jacques lacked funds so sorely that he had his troops scrap for copper fittings on private houses and public baths to gather scrap metal which was then used to strike his small denominations of carzia and sizain. The sizain, a coin made of copper, with a size of around 19mm, a weight around 1.30 to 2.30g and valued at six carzia, which is by far the most used denomination during this period, was minted in large quantities, perhaps even after 1464 when, after capturing Kyrenia and Famagusta and being crowned, he began minting silver grosi and half grosi to celebrate his victory. There are 3 series of sizains according to the type of the legends: 1. The early types, which have often garbled legends or short, abbreviated legends with X's as stops and used instead of other letters, which were probably the first to be minted while or soon after Jacques started his conquest of Cyprus, perhaps even by an itinerant mint who traveled with him during his campaign: (CNG, Electronic Auction 338, November 2014, Lot 325) AE19mm, 2.19g. OBV: + IACOBUS • DЄI • GR[A]; rampant lion to the left. REV: +XXA RX II[...]RIA; Jerusalem cross. REF: Cf. Malloy 167. These were probably the earliest types, around 1460/61, and probably the ones the chronicler mentions as being struck from scrap copper. 2. The types with long and intelligible legends, where the X's are used as stops rather than missing lettering. They are also usually more centered, struck on larger and rounder flans and their legends mention both Cyprus and Jerusalem: (CNG Electronic Auction 284, August 2012, Lot 495) AE19mm, 2.00g. OBV: + IACOBUS DЄI GRAIA XX R; rampant lion to the left. REV: + ЄX IDЄRUSALЄM CIPRI; Jerusalem cross. REF: Cf. Malloy 167, Metcalf 808-11, there are many different variations of these legends, mentioning Jacques as both King of Cyprus and as King of Jerusalem. These were probably struck after the first types, in an unknown mint, maybe at Nicosia(?) 3. The types which name Jacques as King of Armenia: (CNG, Electronic Auction 334, September 2014, Lot 466) AE18.5mm, 1.72g. OBV: + IACOBVS • DEI • GRATIA • REIX; rampant lion to the left. REV: + IERUSALEM : CIPRI : ARMENE; Jerusalem cross. REF: Malloy 163. These were probably minted after 1464 (or after 1467, when Charlotte renounced the title) in any of the mints at Nicosia, Famagusta or Kyrenia. Jacques died in 1473, his posthumous son Jacques III died as an infant in 1474 and with him the Lusignan line of Kings of Cyprus ended. Caterina Corner, Jacques II's widow ruled Cyprus while the island became more and more dependent on Venetian interests. Finally in 1489, she was made to abdicate and Cyprus became officially a Venetian colony, which it stayed until its conquest by the Ottomans in 1571. Here is an interesting example of a sizain probably from the first or the beginning of the second series, from a Cypriot collection: AE19mm 1.83g OBV: + IACOB[V]S DEI G[RA]XX; rampant lion to the left. REV: + EXX IE[RV]SALEM [CIP]R; Jerusalem cross. REF: Malloy 167. This coin looks like it's billon, but that is due to the fact that it was probably in a fire. The black chars are still visible on the obverse between 11 and 1 o'clock and on the reverse between 12 and 2 o'clock. It might have been at the heart of the events between 1460 and 1464, when Jacques was fighting his half-sister for total dominion of the island.