Featured Happy Birthday, Sol Invictus

Discussion in 'Ancient Coins' started by willieboyd2, Dec 25, 2009.

  1. willieboyd2

    willieboyd2 First Class Poster

    Happy Birthday, Sol Invictus

    December 25 is the birthday of the Roman Sun God, Sol Invictus

    Dies Natalis Solis Invicti means "the birthday of the unconquered Sun".

    The use of the title Sol Invictus allowed several solar deities to be worshipped
    collectively, including Elah-Gabal, a Syrian sun god, Sol, the god of Emperor
    Aurelian, and Mithras, a soldiers' god of Persian origin.

    Emperor Elagabalus (AD 218-222) introduced the festival, and it reached the height
    of its popularity under Aurelian, who promoted it as an empire-wide holiday.

    The festival was placed on the date of the solstice because this was on this day
    that the Sun reversed its southward retreat and proved itself to be

    These coins are from the emperors Antoninus Pius (AD 138-161), Aurelian (AD 270-275),
    and Constantine (AD 306-337).

    Antoninus Pius Provincial AE 23 - Emesa, Syria
    Obverse: Laureate bust right
    Reverse: Eagle standing right on sacred stone of Elagabal, B in right field
    Catalog: BMC 1, SNG Cop-307, 309

    Aurelian Antoninianus - Sol Invictus with Captive
    Obverse: Radiate and cuirassed bust right
    Reverse: Sol standing left, right hand raised, holding globe, captive at foot
    ORIENS AVG - Exergue: S (Serdica mint)
    Catalog: RIC Serdica 276

    Aurelian Antoninianus - Sol Invictus Walking
    Obverse: Radiate and cuirassed bust right
    Reverse: Sol walking right with laurel-branch and bow, treading down an enemy
    ORIENS AVG, letter A to left - Exergue: XXIR (Rome mint)
    Catalog: RIC Rome 64

    Constantine AE Follis - Sol Invictus - Ticinum Mint
    Obverse: Laureate cuirassed bust
    Reverse: Sol standing left with orb and raising right hand
    SOLI INVICTO COMITI - Exergue: ST (Ticinum Mint)
    Catalog: RIC Ticinum 8 - Struck AD 313-314 - Size: 19mm

    Constantine AE Follis - Sol Invictus - Rome Mint
    Obverse: Laureate cuirassed bust
    Reverse: Sol standing left with orb and raising right hand, captive to left of Sol
    SOLI INVICTO COMITI - Exergue: RP (Rome Mint)
    Catalog: RIC Rome 2 - Struck around AD 326 - Size: 19mm

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  3. TheBigH

    TheBigH Senior Member

    Thanks for a very interesting post, and I hope you had a jolly good Saturnalia! ;)
  4. roger_pearse

    roger_pearse Junior Member

  5. Antoni Garcia

    Antoni Garcia New Member

  6. TheBigH

    TheBigH Senior Member

    Ancient coins are interesting.
  7. roger_pearse

    roger_pearse Junior Member

  8. roger_pearse

    roger_pearse Junior Member

  9. TheBigH

    TheBigH Senior Member

    Love that Constantine!
  10. Ardatirion

    Ardatirion Où est mon poisson

    Willie, thanks for posting those coins. I appreciate the intent, despite the rudeness and ignorance of other posters.

    I'll share this gorgeous beauty, even though I gave it away earlier in the year:
    AE follis – 20mm, 3.13g
    Trier, 317 AD
    laureate, cuirassed bust r.
    Sol standing facing, head left, nude but for chlamys across left shoulder, r. hand raised, globe divided into hemispheres in l. hand
    T | F, .ATR in ex.
    RIC VII Trier 135
    ancientone, Curtisimo, JBGood and 2 others like this.
  11. The_Cave_Troll

    The_Cave_Troll The Coin Troll

    Ok enough. Discuss the coins and not things better suited for religious forums.
  12. roger_pearse

    roger_pearse Junior Member

  13. roger_pearse

    roger_pearse Junior Member

  14. Ardatirion

    Ardatirion Où est mon poisson

    The reference on the final line is from The Roman Imperial Coinae, Vol VII. Its the standard work. The dating is from careful typology, based primarily on the progression of mintmarks and controls. See Studies in Constantinian Chronology by Patrick Bruun (1961).
  15. randygeki

    randygeki Coin Collector

    Attached Files:

  16. roger_pearse

    roger_pearse Junior Member

  17. Ardatirion

    Ardatirion Où est mon poisson

    Extremely reliable.
  18. randygeki

    randygeki Coin Collector

    I was thinking on remaking this post, and just quotting the orginal post and the relevent posts.
  19. TheBigH

    TheBigH Senior Member

    Randy: I really apologize for hijacking your thread. I became caught up in the argument. I'll delete all my irrelevant posts, and I hope Mr. Pearse finds his way to doing so as well. Again, sorry.
  20. mpcusa

    mpcusa "Official C.T. TROLL SWEEPER"

    Best wishes Sol on your birthday!!
  21. randygeki

    randygeki Coin Collector

    its Willieboyd's thread. and no worries here, just thought this thread is going in to many directions lol :)
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