Discussion in 'Ancient Coins' started by Rudi Smits, May 14, 2013.
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Thanks for info, Rudi Smits!!
I only have one example of Gallienus (the trusty ol' worn-panther) ... and sadly, I have no coins with Salonina (*sigh*)
The Numismatic Chronicle Volume 150, and in it I found a brief, but very interesting article entitled "Gallienus' 'Animal Series' Coins and Roman Religion" by Richard D. Weigel. The author proposes that the animal series coins of Gallienus and Salonina are an appeal to the gods during very turbulent times.
Since Jerry posted a panther example, I'll share a brief quote from the article concerning that...
Is there any scholarship as to why quality control deteriorated to such an extent under his reign?
Inflation caused the mint to issue several times as many coins probably with no additional staff. The same amount of silver went into many more coins and the same number of slaves were expected to crank out many times as many coins in the same time. Rush never improves quality. The reason we consider these coins so common is that they made millions upon millions of them.
Gallienus’s rule represented the depth of the Crisis of the Third Century.
Gallienus shared rule of the Roman Empire with his father from AD 253-260, until his father was captured by the Sassanians. After AD 260, Gallienus ruled till he was assassinated in AD 268.
As discussed before, the Crisis of the Third Century was marked by instability: runaway inflation, economic disruption, devastating plague, destructive insurgencies, and incessant barbarian invasions.
None of these factors were conducive to quality coinage.
This crisis reached its depths during Gallienus’s rule when the Roman Empire splintered into three states: the western Romano-Gallic Empire (which included Britain, Gaul, and Hispania), the eastern Palmyrene Empire (Syria and Egypt), and the remaining central core of the Roman Empire:
Pat Southern has written a couple great books on the period: The Roman Empire from Severus to Constantine and Empress Zenobia: Palmyra’s Rebel Queen.
Anyway, gotta run. I’ve got to go back to England 1700. Sir Isaac awaits me.
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