10 French Feudal, Champagne Henry II, r. 1180-97 Troyes Mint, AR Denier, 20.52 mm x 0.9 grams Obv.: +HENRI COMES, Cross Pattee with annulet in 2nd and 3rd quarter Rev.: +TRECAS CIVITAS, TEBO Monogram Ref.: Roberts 4145 This coin is a part of a larger 'set' I am working on with Feudal French coins. I'll save the details for a future post, but for now, I was pleased to find a coin from either Henry I or II from the city of Troyes. 9 Imperial Rome Caracalla, r. 198-217 A.D. (203 A.D.) Rome Mint, AR Denarius, 20.4mm x 3.21 grams Obv.: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right Rev.: INDVLGENTIA AVGG, IN CARTH in ex, Dea Caelestis seated facing on lion galloping right over rushing waters, holding thunderbolt and scepter Ref.: RIC IV-1 Caracalla 130a, p. 231. C I have a shot spot for the denari of Caracalla, and enjoy the different reverse this coin has. I am hoping to build a portrait series of Caracalla, but this will be a long term side project. 8 England Henry VII, r. 1485-1509 (1494-1501) Durham Mint, mm 76b, AR Penny, 14.88mm x 0.6 grams Obv.: Henry enthroned facing, holding scepter and globus cruciger, throne pillar on either side surmounted by saltire cross Rev.: Coat-of-arms over long cross pattée, mitre above Ref.: SCBS 2234 Ex. R.D. Frederick, Ex. Tradewinds Collection This coin was a product of a good deal that I couldn't pass on, but I do enjoy the enthroned king Henry. The Durham mint is also special to me, it this is the only coin I have from that mint. 7 England John, r. 1199-1216 (1205-1216) London Mint, AR Short Cross Penny, 19mm x 1.54 grams Obv.: hEnricus R_ _ (ex) Rev.: WALTER . ON . LV (Walter on London) Ref.: SCBC 1353 Ex. Dr. Murray Gell-Mann Collection Another of my longer projects is the monarchs of England, and I am quite pleased to add this nice version of a short cross penny minted under John. 6 French Feudal, Aquitaine Henry II, r. 1152-1168 Bordeaux Mint, BL Denier, 16.57mm x 0.8 grams Obv.: +hENRICVS REX, cross pattée Rev.: º+º / AQVI / TANI / ºEº, in four lines Ref.: SCBC 8001 Ex. R.D. Frederick Collection. Ex. A.H. Baldwin Like the Henry VII of England coin, this came as a great deal, considering these coins of Henry II rarely come available. 5 German States, Cologne Archbishop Philipp von Heinsberg, r. 1167-1191 AR Denier, 3rd type, 18.05 mm x 1.4 grams Obv.: HITARCH EPICOV, Archbishop with mitre, crosier, and bible seated on lion throne Rev.: EIACOLONIA PAICHAI, Three towers over wall and gate, likely representing the Cathedral of St Peter, Cologne Ref.: De Wit 1993 Original thread here. Just a beautiful coin! 4 Italian States, Venice Pietro Zani, r. 1205-1229 AR Grosso, 19.79 mm, 1.9 grams Obv.: [·+·]P·ZIANI· ·S·M.VENETI outside (Z retrograde), D/U/X down banner held between doge and St. Mark facing Rev.: [I¯C] X¯C across field, Christ enthroned facing. Original thread here. Another beautiful coin with an historical significance. 3 French Feudal, Aquitaine Eleanor, r. 1185-1204 AR Denier, 17.86mm x 0.8 grams Obv.: +DVCISIT, M above, A below, two cross pattee on either side Rev.: +AQVITANIE, Cross Pattee inside Ref.: SCBC 8011 While not the prettiest coin, these are not easy to come by. I may have paid too much, but I am happy to have an Eleanor! There is some controversy surrounding the identification of this coin, but I intend to cover that in a future post. 2 England Stephen, r. 1135-1154 (c. 1136-45) AR Watford Type Penny, London Mint, 19.47mm x 1.1 grams Obv.: S_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ X (Stiefne Rex), Bust right holding sceptre Rev.: ADEL_ _ _ : _ _ : _ _ _ (Adelard on Lun), Cross Moline Ref. SCBC 1278 Note: Irregular shaped planchet, small flan cracks, strong portrait, weak peripheral Original thread here. A hard to find coin with a strong strike. The planchette may not be pretty, but I think it adds to its character. 1 French Feudal, Toulouse William IX of Aquitaine, second reign r. 1109-1117 AR Denier, 18.82 mm x 1.1 grams Obv.: VVILELMO COME, Cross Pattee in center, S in second quarter Rev.: +TOLOSA CIVI around, PAX in center Ref.: Duplessy 1210 (as William IV), Roberts 4225 (As William IX) Another coin with some controversy over its issuer. I'm inclined to follow the argument that this was issued by William IX of Aquitaine. While perhaps not the prettiest coin I purchased this year, it was one of my most desired, and I was pleased to find one. Like some of the other coins above, I intend to post something more involved on this coin at a future date. All in all, I think it has been a good year! I'm a little surprised I did not grab more Roman coins, or any Greek coins (as I had initially hoped I would). I'm quite happy with the lot though!