Seleukid Kingdom. Tyre (?) mint. AE 21 (21 mm, 5.54 g). Demetrios II Nikator, Second Reign (129-125 BC). Obverse: Laureate head of Demetrios right. Reverse: Poseidon standing facing, holding phials and trident; bilingual inscription Demetrios the King" in Greek and Phoenician, symbols in field. This coin: Purchased from Marc R. Breitsprecher, November 2020. Demetrios II was born around 160 BC to the Seleukid king Demetrios I. In 150, Demetrios I was overthrown and slain by a usurper, Alexander Balas, and young Demetrios had to flee to Crete. He re-entered Syria with some Cretan mercenaries in 147 BC, but it wasn't until two years later that the Egyptian king Ptolemy VI entered the fight on Demetrios' side, offering to serve as a "tutor" (read: puppet-master) to the young king and forcing his daughter, Cleopatra Thea, to divorce Alexander Balas and marry Demetrios instead. Alexander Balas was chased out of Syria, and Ptolemy VI died of wounds sustained in battle, leaving Demetrios in sole charge of the Seleukid kingdom. Soon one of Alexander Balas' former generals, Diodotus, raised a major rebellion and proclaimed himself regent for an infant son of Alexander Balas, who he called Antiochos VI. The Parthian king Mithradates I (164-132 BC) took advantage of the chaos to capture Seleukid territory in Mesopotamia (including the cities of Seleukia-on-the-Tigris and Babylon) and Elymais. Demetrios counterattacked the Parthians in 138 BC, but was captured alive by the Parthians. Fortunately for him, the Parthian king treated him well, sending him to live (under luxurious house arrest) in a palace and marrying him to a Parthian princess named Rhodogune. Demetrios twice tried to escape his captivity. After the second attempt, Mithradates sent him a pair of golden dice, which was interpreted as an insult that Demetrios was a restless child in need of toys. Meanwhile, in Syria, Demetrios' younger brother had taken the throne as Antiochos VII (and also taken Demetrios' wife Cleopatra Thea as his own. I suspect she was getting tired of being passed around from king to king, but unfortunately history does not record her thoughts on the situation.) In 130 BC, Antiochos VII marched against the Parthians, and had great initial success in retaking Mesopotamian territory. The new Parthian king, Phraates II (son of the great Mithradates I), decided to release Demetrios in hopes that he would be able to stir up rebellion among the Seleukids. However, in 129 BC the Parthians killed Antiochos VII at the Battle of Ekbatana and quickly reclaimed Mesopotamia. Phraates realized that Demetrios was no longer useful, but Demetrios was able to make it back to Seleukid territory without being recaptured. In Syria, he reclaimed his throne, as well as the by-now undoubtedly tired Cleopatra Thea. The Egyptian king Ptolemy VIII set up another usurper against him, Alexander II, and in 126 BC Demetrios was defeated in battle at Damascus. He fled to Ptolemais, but Cleopatra Thea shut the city gates against him, and he was later killed on a ship near Tyre. He was succeeded by his son Seleukos V with Cleopatra Thea as co-regent; but she soon had Seleukos killed and ruled with their other son, Antiochos VIII, until 121 BC when he foiled her attempt to poison him, forcing her to drink the deadly wine instead. I like this coin for the Game-of-Thrones-esque history behind it, including the tie-in to Parthia, but I was also attracted to it by the clear legend in Phoenician. This is valuable historical evidence demonstrating that, even after 150+ years of Hellenization under Alexander the Great and his Seleukid successors, the Phoenician language was still important in the Phoenician territory. This is hardly a mint-state coin, but all the designs and inscriptions are clear, and I think the "desert patina" only enhances the aesthetic qualities. Please post your coins of Demetrios II, or whatever else is related.