The distance from eastern printers and having no facilities to print CSA money, the Trans-Mississippi department was short of cash. General E.?Kirby Smith took over the department on March 7 1863. Cash was almost nonexistent and the department was in arrears. Smith ordered earlier CSA notes that were stored or canceled to be re-issued. He used a variety of stamps to indicate the notes were revalidated or good for commerce, despite having been rendered and/or redeemed obsolete by the act of March 23, 1863, which had provisions for retiring notes that pre-dated April 6, 1863 issues. The act of February 17, 1864 made matters worse as this act taxed away the value of notes issued prior to that date. Smith stopped using revalidated notes, which caused problems. Retaining men in the army and paying suppliers were the main problems. He substituted interim deposit receipts (IDR's) which indicated that the bearer of the older notes had returned them and was entitled to new notes when they arrived in the Trans-Mississippi area from the east. Trans-Mississippi notes were issued at Huntsville, Texas with one of several different varieties of stamps. These included round and straight line stamps, which could be black or red and dated February or March. Reissued notes also came from Shreveport, Louisiana and Houston, Texas with a black stamp on the reverse.