Happy Friday! History sometimes is stranger than fiction: With the death of Constantius in 306 A.D. and the success of the war in Britain, many expected Constantine to be named the new western emperor; however, Severus (caesar and close friend of Galerius) was promoted to the position, despite the claim that Constantius had named his son as augustus on his deathbed. Regardless of the official decree, Constantine was declared augustus by his men. Galerius, however, refused to recognize this declaration. Not to be overlooked, Maxentius, who had also been passed over in 305 CE, ignored both Galerius and Constantine and declared himself augustus in October of 307 CE. Galerius refused to recognize him but failed to unseat him (Severus II R.I.P.). Constantine remained aloof from the Italian conflict, however eventually consummated an alliance with Maxentius and his father Maximian by marrying the latter's daughter Fausta - all the while avoiding direct military involvement. However, over the spring and summer of 307 AD, he had left Gaul for Britain to avoid any involvement in the Italian turmoil. (Barnes, Constantine and Eusebius, 30; Lenski, "Reign of Constantine" (CC), 62–63; Odahl, 86–87) By 308, there were therefore no fewer than four claimants to the rank of Augustus (Galerius, Constantine, Maximian and Maxentius), and only one to that of Caesar (Maximinus) Constantine I as Caesar follis RIC VI 89b minted 307 A.D. in London FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB C / GENIO - POP ROM PLN I'm curious how folks have Constantine I represented in their collection as Caesar (or anything else from that tumultuous period you feel like sharing!). I've found that these issues as Caesar are somewhat less common than other Tetrachy issues due to the short period of time they were minted and have found examples from\, for example, Ticinum to be even less common still - perhaps due to the difficulties between Maxentius and Galerius.