Marcus Julius Philippus, also known als Philip or Philippus I Arabs, became emperor after the assassination of Gordian III. The demise of Philippus I would signal a period of civil war and barbarian invasions, marking the beginning of the crisis of the 3rd century. During his reign, in 248 AD, he had the honor to give on of Rome's biggest parties ever, as it celebrated it’s 1000 year anniversary. According to some accounts the festivities were spectacular, with celebrations (or, more realistisch, massacres) in the collosseum. I’ve read online that sources state that “more than 1,000 gladiators were killed along with hundreds of exotic animals including hippos, leopards, lions, giraffes, and one rhinoceros.” (At least that one rhino went down in history.) The reverse has a very interesting error, as the latters S C are mixed. I guess the minters were in a hurry striking coins for the masses, or either intoxicated due to the massive party. Even though my collection does not include the era after the severan dynasty, I could not resist this particular coin, because of its reverse. Having a coin in my humble collection that forms a direct link to an actual event - in this case in my opinion a massive party that speaks to the imagination - is what made me pull the trigger. Then, reading about the emperor Philippus I, led me to the conclusion he must have been a peculiar figure in that time and place. Firstly, because of the fact that he was of Arab origin and Rome was in conflict with Persia and the arabs. Second, because of the fact that he was tolerate towards all religions, including the Christians. This gave rise to the notion that Philippus I himself was a Christian, although it is debated. His reign began troublesome with war with Persia and invasions of Goths and other tribes over de Danube river. He nevertheless dealt with these matter properly, ending the war with Persia at the start of his regin and leading successful campaigns against the Goths in 247 AD. He and his family were rewarded with honors and received the titles Carpicus MAximum and Germanicus Maximus. However promising his reign might have been for the long run, the hunger for power of ambitious and rebellious generals eventually led to his downfall. Dealing with the rebellious Pacatianus was Decius, who himself was proclaimed emperor by his danube legions. In 249 AD Philippus I met Decius in battle but was killed, either in the battle itself or by his own troops. Philippus I saw himself as a member of the Severan dynasty (which is also an excuse for this coin to be in my collection actually). To underline that notion, he added ‘Severus’ to his son’s name. This forms a step to my next auction win, a sestertius of Caracalla. According to some auction houses this is a rare, or even ‘tres rare’ coin. The difference with the more common ‘RIC 512’ is the obverse title. This is however not the reason I wen’t for this coin. Basically, it had style, it had flair, it was there, that’s how it became ... part of my collection (yes, you can hear that song in your head now). It’s a coin with rough surfaces, but the portet is really nice and strong. Bronze coins of Caracalla or somewhat difficult to obtain (unless you are Bill Gates of course), and I am very pleased with this specimen. The two coins allowed me to test my new reference book of David van Meter, ‘The Handbook of Roman Imperial Coins’. It basically is what it says on the cover: a catalog of all major types issued from 27 BC through 498 AD. Easy to use, and a very fine addition to my library, but do expect major issues and nothing more. Next is finding out how many of my coins are deemed a ‘major issue’. Thank you for reading, and please post your Philippus I Arabs 1000 year anniversary coins, and/or Caracalla bronzes.