Bruttium, the Bretti

Discussion in 'Ancient Coins' started by JBGood, Apr 22, 2016.

  1. JBGood

    JBGood Collector of coinage Supporter

    The Bretti (or Brutti) emerged from the rugged hills of southern Italy in the mid-4th century BC as an insurgent force of escaped slaves and other fugitives rebelling against the Lucanians, who had subjugated the area a generation earlier. Having thrown off the yoke of oppression, the Bretti retained their independence until 280 BC, when they helped the Greek king Pyrrhus of Epirus in his war against the Romans. After defeating Pyrrhus, the Romans invaded Bruttium and occupied most of the country. The Brettii remained pacified throughout the First Punic War (264-241 BC) but were among the first to declare in favor of the Carthaginian general Hannibal against Rome in the Second Punic War (218-201 BC), resulting in their final crushing as a separate people and absorption by Rome.

    Bruttium. The Brettii AR Drachm / River god
    Attribution: Arslan dies 39/55; HN Italy 1961
    Date: 216-214 BC
    Obverse: Winged bust of Nike right
    Reverse: BPETTIΩN, The River god Aisaros standing facing, crowning himself and holding sceptre, M and serpent to right
    Size: 18.63mm
    Weight: 4.23 grams

    Bruttium. The Bretti AR drachm.jpg
    Post any coins of Bruttium or anything that strikes your fancy.
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  3. Mat

    Mat Ancient Coincoholic

    Lovely coin, I love the obverse. Reminds me of my republic.

    L. Valerius Flaccus, (108 - 107 B.C.)
    AR Denarius
    O: Winged and draped bust of Victory right, X below chin.
    R: LVALERI / FLACCI (downwards on left), Mars walking left, spear in right, trophy in left over shoulder, apex left, head of grain behind.
    SRCV I 183, Sydenham 565, Crawford 306/1, RSC I Valeria 11
  4. Collect89

    Collect89 Coin Collector

    Here is my Bruttium stater photographed on a piece of Rhodochrosite.
    Bruttium on Rhodochrosite.JPG
    BRUTTIUM, Kaulonia
    AR Stater
    475-425 B.C.
    8.04 grams, 19 - 20 mm
    Obv: Apollo naked walking right.
    Retrograde KAVA on left,
    small stag figure on right.
    (sm. stag standing r. facing l.)
    Rev: Large stag standing right
    Grade: Overall a Fine condition.
    Obverse a bit rough with some
    details of retrograde letters &
    small stag figure lost to antiquity.
    The reverse large stag borders on aVF,
    well centered & attractive.
    Other: Kaulonia was destroyed by Dionysios I of Syracuse in 388 B.C. CNG puts this coin type at ca. 525 - 500 B.C. and Wildwinds puts it ca. 470-440 B.C. Sear #462 puts this coin at 480 B.C. earliest.
    Ajax, Orfew, Curtisimo and 18 others like this.
  5. Bing

    Bing Illegitimi non carborundum Supporter

    That's a beautiful coin JBG. Congratulations!
  6. Cucumbor

    Cucumbor Supporter! Supporter

    Very nice OP coin, and Mat, well spotted for the similarities between your republic and the former

    Bruttium, AE26
    Brettian league, c. 215-205 BC
    Head of Ares left
    BPETTIWN, Hera Hoplosmia going right, holding spear and shield, cow's head ? under shield
    14.44 gr, 26 mm
    Ref : Sear #702v

    Bruttium, AE18
    Brettian league, c. 215-205 BC
    Bust of Nike right
    Zeus riding a biga, holding thunderbolt and sceptre
    3.6 gr, 18 mm
    Ref : Sear #706

    Ajax, Orfew, Curtisimo and 17 others like this.
  7. Jwt708

    Jwt708 Well-Known Member

    I really like this coin and appreciate every chance I get to post it!

    JWT 113 Bretti Warrior.jpg
    The Brettii, Bruttium
    AE, reduced uncia, 23mm, 8.3g; 3h; BC 211-208
    Obv.: Laureate head of Zeus right, thunderbolt behind
    Rev.: BPETTIΩN; Warrior advancing right holding spear and shield, at feet, owl flying right
  8. JBGood

    JBGood Collector of coinage Supporter

    I love both the coin and the mineral. I have a real nice piece of Rhordachrosite in my collection.
    Mikey Zee likes this.
  9. Mat

    Mat Ancient Coincoholic

    Thats a beauty.
    Mikey Zee and Jwt708 like this.
  10. Jwt708

    Jwt708 Well-Known Member

  11. Mikey Zee

    Mikey Zee Delenda Est Carthago

    Now I'm truly jealous!!! No Bretti coins to post:(

    Beautiful examples guys!!!
  12. John Anthony

    John Anthony Ultracrepidarian Supporter Dealer

    Ah yes, coins of the Bretti - tough buggers to find in decent grades, even when you have plenty of money to spend on them! Absolutely great OP coin!

    Here are two that recently incited some rather vigorous bidding, the first of which is countermarked NIKA, second, Zeus hurling thunderbolt...

    2 bretti.jpg
    Ajax, Orfew, Curtisimo and 15 others like this.
  13. JBGood

    JBGood Collector of coinage Supporter

    Thank you!
  14. JBGood

    JBGood Collector of coinage Supporter

    Zeus throwing the thunderbolt is such a great image!
    Jwt708 and Mikey Zee like this.
  15. ancientnut

    ancientnut Well-Known Member

    We're all waiting, TIF...where's your crab hat?:)
  16. TIF

    TIF Always learning. Supporter

    Oh goodie, another opportunity to show the Crab Hat! :) :) :)

    BRUTTIUM, the Brettii
    216-214 BCE
    Æ quartuncia, 13.5mm, 2.06 g
    Obv: head of Amphitrite left, wearing crab headdress
    Rev: crab; torch above, BPET-TIΩN above and below
    Ref: Pfeiler p. 33, 4a; Scheu, Bronze 51; HN Italy 1944; SNG ANS 123–4; SNG Lloyd –; McClean 1579
    This coin has been sold a few times in recent years. In most catalog pictures it looks green. It is not green; it is brownish.

    JBG-- nice pickup!
    Mat-- that is one of my favorites among your coins
    Collect-- can we see the other side?
    Q-- dang, man... I want to visit your collection someday :)
    Jwt-- everything about that coin is fabulous
    JA-- I was mighty tempted by the "Zeus hurling thunderbolt"
  17. dougsmit

    dougsmit Member

    Rhegion, Bruttium Asklepios and Hygieia / Artemis and deer AE Trias
    You will see many more of these two headed things with the Dioscuri or Apollo and Artemis on the obverse but the beard is the tip off for this one.

    I regret posting this ugly sister a couple years ago. It probably drove certain people to spend too much. I once passed a nicer one with great green patina in the stock of Brian Kritt but I was too cheap (big surprise).

    The tiny silver with lion scalp is also from Rhegion. It is a hemtartemorion, 466-415 BC, 5mm, 0.1g.
    Ajax, Orfew, Curtisimo and 14 others like this.
  18. stevex6

    stevex6 Random Mayhem

    Nice => that's a sweet OP-example, JBG (congrats)

    *rats* ... Marsha & Mentor are always such tough acts to follow, eh?


    BRUTTIUM, Rhegion. AR Litra
    Circa 445-435 BC
    Diameter: 13 mm
    Weight: 0.71 grams
    Obverse: Facing lion’s scalp
    Reverse: RECI within wreath
    Reference: Herzfelder p. 89, B; HN Italy 2485
    Other: 3h … VF, toned, some porosity
    From the collection of a Southern Pathologist. Ex Antioch Associates
    34 (2001), lot 11

    Bruttium Rhegion.jpg

    ... 5th century BC (winners!!)
    dadams, Ajax, Orfew and 14 others like this.
  19. zumbly

    zumbly Ha'ina 'ia mai ana ka puana Supporter

    I'd love a coin like the OP someday. And for that matter, many of the other ones posted here. Bruttium had some nice coins!

    Here's one of those other jugate heads Doug mentioned.

    BRUTTIUM, Rhegion
    Circa 215 - 150 BC
    AE Triens
    11.82g, 27.6mm
    SNG München 1673; HN Italy 2550
    O: Jugate heads right of Apollo, laureate, and Artemis, wearing stephane; T or phiale behind.
    R: PHΓI-NΩN, Tripod, •••• to outer right.
    Ajax, Orfew, Curtisimo and 13 others like this.
  20. stevex6

    stevex6 Random Mayhem

    Nice big AE coin, Z (cool eye-appeal)
    zumbly likes this.
  21. zumbly

    zumbly Ha'ina 'ia mai ana ka puana Supporter

    Another one from Bruttium, this time Terina.

    BRUTTIUM, Terina
    AR Drachm
    Circa 300 BC
    2.17g, 15mm
    SNG ANS 865; cf Holloway & Jenkins 116 (obv); 112 (rev); BMC 32
    O: TEPINAIWN, Head of the nymph Terina right, triskeles behind.
    R: TE monogram before Nike seated left on cippus, holding bird in her hand.
    Ex Frank James Collection
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