Featured British: The Queen Has Died

Discussion in 'World Coins' started by Bart9349, Aug 1, 2014.

  1. Bart9349

    Bart9349 Junior Member

    Our Beloved Sovereign Has Died.

    On this date (August 1) three hundred years ago (1714), our most glorious Queen was finally released from her earthly suffering. Queen Anne had hoped in death to be finally reunited with both her last surviving child the Duke of Gloucester (d. 1700) and her loving husband, the always affable (but somewhat dim-witted) Prince George of Denmark (d. 1708).

    1702AAGmedalA.jpg


    1702AAGmedal.jpg
    (Queen Anne and her husband, Prince George of Denmark.)

    Queen Anne was the last monarch from the House of Stuart. Both she and her beautiful older sister, Mary II, are among the most under-appreciated English monarchs. They are certainly among the most important. These two sisters were the courageous daughters of the rigidly autocratic and stubbornly Catholic James II.

    Mary and her Dutch husband William III were bestowed the crown by a staunchly Protestant Parliament in 1689. William and Mary had replaced Mary and Anne’s father who, Parliament claimed, had abandoned the Kingdoms.

    1702AnneCornationso.jpg
    After Mary and later William died without an heir, Queen Anne succeeded to the throne with the consent of Parliament, bypassing her younger half-brother (James III, later to be known as the Old Pretender).

    Thus, Mary and Anne helped usher in a constitutional parliamentary monarchy to the realm. With Parliament’s help, Queen Anne’s England challenged the antiquated concepts of “the divine right of kings” and “the great chain of being.” This gave Britain a relatively stable transition into an age of enlightenment, embracing such concepts as “consent of the governed.”

    Queen Anne’s personal life had been one of tragedy, however. She had long been plagued by crippling arthritis, obesity, and poor health. Unable to walk, she even had to be carried to her throne at her coronation. She also had been beset by a series of multiple failed pregnancies and miscarriages (at least sixteen). She gave birth to only five living infants. Among her children, the frail Duke of Gloucester lived the longest, dying soon after his eleventh birthday.

    Prior to her accession to the throne in 1702, Princess Anne was essentially unprepared for the role of Queen and the demands of government. Queen Anne, however, steadily learned to meet the demands and grew in her role as monarch. She led a successful war against an aggressive Louis XIV’s France (known as the War of the Spanish Succession). She helped to guide a Parliament riven by bitter politics (in the form of opposing Whig and Tory political parties). And she successfully faced a conspiracy by those who wanted to supplant her with her father’s son. (Those who supported her father James II’s claim to the throne for himself or for his son were known as Jacobites.)

    Princejameso.jpg (Anne's half-brother, James III, the Old Pretender)

    Luckily, she surrounded herself with two remarkable advisers (Sidney Godolphin and Robert Harley) and a brilliant general (John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough).

    By the time of her death, Queen Anne had won a favorable peace with France, unified a potentially rebellious Scotland with England, and assured the relatively peaceful Hanoverian succession.

    1714 George I.png (George I, Elector of Hanover arrives in London to succeed Anne in 1714)

    Towards the end of her life, Queen Anne found herself widowed and increasingly alone. Most of her friends and trusted advisers in her government and in her Court had been replaced. With the death of her faithful husband, she found herself vulnerable to scheming and conniving politicians and courtiers. Although only forty-nine years old at the time of her death, Queen Anne was physically and emotionally worn out. She had suffered from multiple pregnancies, crippling arthritis, the stresses of ruthless and partisan politics, and a deep grief following the loss of her husband and children. On August 1, 1714, the long-suffering but brave Queen Anne finally died. Upon her death, one of her physicians wrote, “I believe sleep was never more welcome to a weary traveller than death was to her.”

    During the reign of Queen Anne, Parliament was able to further exert its power and its right to a constitutional monarchy. With a greater freedom of the press and a powerful and independent Parliament, the people of Britain were now able to claim their rights as free men and free women. It is this sense of empowerment and the willingness to claim individual rights and freedoms that inspired American colonists a half century later in a land thousands of miles distant and an ocean away from London. These colonists could now confidently assert that they, too, had certain freedoms and inalienable rights, including the right to self- representation and self-determination.

    Truly, a great Queen has died (1665-1714).

    ASMmo.jpg
     
    Last edited: Aug 1, 2014
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  3. Galen59

    Galen59 Gott helfe mir

    To the Queen.., long live the Queen...
     
  4. Codera

    Codera Active Member

    I thought you meant the current queen with the headline for a second lol. Very nice queen and write-up! :)
     
  5. scottishmoney

    scottishmoney Bammed

    She was well beloved in her day for her charitable pursuits - she was undeniably concerned for the welfare of the trodden upon - quite different from her contemporaries in higher echelons of living then.

    It was so disappointing to her that all of the negotiations with the Stuarts, ie James VIII(III) were to no avail - she really wanted the Stuart family to continue on the throne rather than the Hannover branch of the family.

    Inasmuch as John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, was a close advisor, so indeed was his wife Sarah. Wagging tongues of the time suggested that there was more to the relationship betwixt the two of them - not likely. And the both of them had a falling out whence Sarah Churchill presumed she had more sway than Anne believed she did.
     
  6. John Anthony

    John Anthony Ultracrepidarian Supporter

    An informative and interesting post as always, Guy - and abundant eye-candy to boot.
     
  7. stevex6

    stevex6 Random Mayhem

    Sweet => gorgeous coins ... oh, and super write-up (thanks)

    Man, I should search for one of these examples (ummm, but perhaps in a slightly lower grade)

    ;)

    thanks again
     
  8. green18

    green18 Sweet on Commemorative Coins Supporter

    Marvelous essay...........
     
  9. Mojavedave

    Mojavedave Senior Member

    I agree with Ken. Great history lesson Nice write up.

    Dave
     
  10. Bart9349

    Bart9349 Junior Member

    A little mood music:



    guy
     
    chrsmat71 likes this.
  11. chrisild

    chrisild Coin Collector Supporter

  12. THCoins

    THCoins Well-Known Member

    One of the more common of the Queen Anne coins: Maundy 4-pence 1709.
    AnneGroatWeb.jpg
     
    chrsmat71 likes this.
  13. brg5658

    brg5658 The Horse Coin Guy

    Fantastic historical post. Two thumbs up -- this should be a featured article IMO.
     
  14. josh's coins

    josh's coins Well-Known Member

    It already is
     
  15. chrsmat71

    chrsmat71 I LIKE TURTLES! Supporter

    oh man, those are beauties bart...very nice.
     
  16. onecenter

    onecenter Member

    Beautiful coins and medals!
     
  17. brg5658

    brg5658 The Horse Coin Guy

    It wasn't when I made my comment. :rolleyes:
     
  18. willieboyd2

    willieboyd2 First Class Poster

    Great article!

    Her "Master of the Mint" was Sir Isaac Newton, better known for falling apples.

    :)
     
    Jwt708 and John Anthony like this.
  19. mlov43

    mlov43 주화 수집가

    The recent featured articles at CoinTalk have been really good lately! This one is no exception.

    Thanks to all of you who make them possible.
     
  20. chrisild

    chrisild Coin Collector Supporter

    You may have a point there. ;) Was about to make it "featured" when I noticed that a fellow mod had already done that ...

    Christian
     
  21. jello

    jello Not Expert★NormL®

    Great Report !!
    :)
    I am working Victoria set. Like all UK coinage
     
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