Nabataean Kingdom. Damascus mint. AE 19. Aretas III (87-62 BC). Obverse: Diademed head of Aretas III right. Reverse: Tyche of Damascus seated left, holding cornucopia, river god below, Greek legend around "Basileos Aretou Philellenos" (Of King Aretas, Friend of the Greeks). SNG ANS 1421-1424. This coin: Purchased at the Baltimore coin show, November 2019 from Ephesus Numismatics. The Nabataeans ruled a kingdom centered on the famous city of Petra in what is now Jordan, spending much of that time as a Roman client state until they were finally absorbed as a province by Trajan. Many here on the CoinTalk Ancients board are familiar with the later bronze coins that feature jugate busts of the king and queen together, however this type features just a "very Hellenistic" bust of the king, and is also notable for being struck at Damascus rather than at Petra like most of the Nabataean series. Aretas III took the throne in 87 BC upon the death of his brother, Obodas I. In 85 BC, he conquered the city of Damascus from the badly-declining Seleucids. He also started a campaign of bringing Hellenistic and Roman-style architecture to Petra. In 67 BC, Aretas got involved in the power struggle in Judaea between John Hyrcanus II and his younger brother, the rebel Aristobulus II. Aristobulus claimed the titles of both King and High Priest, and John Hyrcanus fled to Petra. Aretas agreed to help him regain the throne in exchange for concessions of some border areas. He sent a large force which besieged Jerusalem in 65 BC. At this point, the Romans (in the person of Pompey's deputy Marcus Aemilius Scaurus) told Aretas to back off, and he retreated back to his own territory, losing a battle against Aristobulus along the way. Pompey, however (possibly thinking that Hyrcanus was weaker and thus would make a better vassal) declared that Hyrcanus was the rightful king, and captured Jerusalem himself in 63 BC. In 62 BC, Scaurus was sent to besiege Petra, but facing difficult terrain and lack of supplies, had to negotiate instead of fight. Aretas paid a large amount of silver and recognized Roman superiority over Nabataea, in exchange for peace and recognition of his own rule. This coin is a scarce type, as explained above. While it doesn't have the interesting and distinctive style of later Nabataean coins, I like it as a historical artifact of a tumultuous period in history. Please post your coins of Aretas III, or other Nabataean coins, or whatever else is related.