AR (Silver) Gallienus

Discussion in 'Ancient Coins' started by TJC, Mar 12, 2016.

  1. TJC

    TJC Well-Known Member

    GallienusAntGermaticusO.jpg GallienusAntGermaticusRx.jpg
    Gallienus / Germanicus
    , AR, Antoninianus, 258-259 AD
    O: GALLIENUS.P.F.AVG, radiate & cuirassed bust rt.
    Rx: GERMANICUS MAX V, trophy b/tw two captives seated at base.
    RIC18, var. (dots in legend); Goebl 872b

    Feel free to share your AR (Silver) Gallienus coins:)

    Here is the part that start to ramble and ask questions that I am not sure there are answers to:

    The holder for this coin indicates sole reign, Cologne mint, after the defeat of the Allemanni at Milan. I am not sure of this because windwinds has it as: RIC 18 from the Lyons Mint.
    Different sellers seem to list this type under different mints. Not sure why?
    Where ever struck, the legions received a rare treat, AR coinage rather than the usual silver washed billion of the time. I am not sure if the average soldier knew or cared about the quality of coin they received but I am guessing that they did notice and did care. If so??...Was this coinage a special treat to keep the troops happy? Maybe a special treat after a special victory? Or was this AR coinage reserved for the newly formed special cavalry &/or higher ranking Legionnaires’? Just some rambling thoughts/questions.
    The reverse commemorates a defeat of German tribe(s). It could commemorate the defeat of “the Allemanni” that had ransacked the Roman countryside. If the “V” at the end of the reverse legend
    May indicate the 5th year of the Galienus’s reign which almost works out. Wiki places his first reigning year as 253 AD and the battle of Mediolanum as 159. With the history of this time being as sketchy as it is I feel that it is at least plausible that this coin type is to commemorate the an emperor who saved the empire from the marauding barbarians from the North. These coins would certainly be good PR.
    I would like an example of this coin type with better legends but the “missing letters” are typical of these silver Ants. Wonder what made the legends on these dies get the “grease filled when struck” look? Maybe it was silver from previous striking that filled the legend? Probably lots of possibilities, there was not a lot quality control during this time period.

    Gallienus faced some of the most adverse circumstances of any Roman Emperor. In something like a couple of months: his son Vallerian II was killed by a usurping general, his father the emperor Valerian I was taken captive by Shapur I, the East was lost, his son Saloninus was then killed by his general Postumus who was now in revolt in the West, and Italy proper was being invaded by the Allemanni. To add insult to injury when Gallienus decided to try to stop the Allemanni he was late to the party. The Senate had organized a resistance that likely saved Rome but the Allemanni had already sacked the countryside and had acquired lots of loot from the rich estates around Rome.
    Although Gallienus missed the party he did get to join the after-party near Milan where he intercepted the Allemanni on their way home and earned the title Germanicus Maximus. Gallienus was sole ruler of the Roman empire from AD 260 -268. He is not given much street cred by historians but when you look at his career as emperor and soldier he probably did better than most could have. He is known for his organization of special cavalry units to more quickly move troops to hot spots around the Empire. This new organization was used to good effect by Gallienus and those emperors who would follow him in the third century. In fact one of the calvary officers under Gallienus, the future emperor Aurelian, would go on to use these special units to win back both the empires that were lost to Gallienus.
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  3. Pishpash

    Pishpash Supporter! Supporter

    Nice, mine is a bit tatty
    [​IMG] [​IMG]

    Coin: Silver Ant
    IMP GALLIENVS P.F. AVG - Laureate and cuirassed bust right.
    GERMANICVS MAX V - Two German captives bound and seated at the foot of a trophy.
    Mint: Lyons (258-259 AD)
    Wt./Size/Axis: 2.71g / 25mm / -
    • RIC 18 var
    The green bits have gone but I have not taken additional pics just yet.
    TJC, David Atherton, zumbly and 7 others like this.
  4. chrsmat71

    chrsmat71 I LIKE TURTLES!

    another new gallienus ant today, cool coin TJC...a silver of this guy is on my list, and so is that reverse type.

    i have a coin of postumus that some authorities list as the collonge mint, but some list as trier. i assume they were minted at a time when borders between who controlled what was shifting and people are just making there best guess?
  5. Jwt708

    Jwt708 Well-Known Member

    I'm tempted to begin a pile on of somewhat related types...Gallienus, Postumus...but I'll refrain for now.

    Cool new addition, I've got a soft spot for these.
  6. Mat

    Mat Ancient Coincoholic

    Posted my coins of his way too many times, sitting this one out.

    But very nice, still wouldn't mind getting this type later on.
  7. Mikey Zee

    Mikey Zee Delenda Est Carthago

    A wonderful example @TJC !!!

    Two of mine:
    Gallienus Ant with captives reverse.jpg gallienus silvered ant obverse.jpg
    TJC, David Atherton, zumbly and 7 others like this.
  8. dougsmit

    dougsmit Member Supporter

    The thing I have found interesting about this type is how often the reverse die is worn more than the obverse. I have had the left facing coin for years but bought the right facing one because the reverse was better.
    rx1550bb0445.jpg rx1552bb2929.jpg
    TJC, chrsmat71, Jwt708 and 7 others like this.
  9. randygeki

    randygeki Coin Collector

    Great example!
    10603346_732337593469821_1075071389989188733_n.jpg 017-3.JPG g4444.JPG
    Last edited: Mar 12, 2016
  10. 7Calbrey

    7Calbrey Well-Known Member

    Struck in Moesia with Jupiter on reverse, I believe that coin of Gallienus is silver. Cohen 714. GalliJupiter     Ric294 Coh714.jpg Gallij AR      Moesia.jpg
  11. stevex6

    stevex6 Random Mayhem

    Great OP-score, TJC ... congrats

    Sadly, I don't have any "AR" Gallienus examples to toss-into your cool thread
  12. David Atherton

    David Atherton Flavian Fanatic

    Awesome coin with a great write-up TJC!
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