! It has always been of great interest how the ancients bought and sold things as money evolved And also how some may have tried to save money... Here's my Aes rude: In Italy, as with other nations, early trade used a system of barter. Aes rude(Latin: "rough bronze"), used perhaps as early as the early 8th century B.C., was the earliest metal proto-currency in central Italy. In the 5th century B.C., bronze replaced cattle as the primary measure of value in trade. Aes rude are rough lumpy bronze ingots with no marks or design, some are flat and oblong, others are square, while many are irregular and shapeless. The metal is mostly copper with roughly 5% tin. Weight varies considerably with some exceeding twelve pounds and others under an ounce. Many smaller examples are fragments of broken larger specimens. A balance was necessary to measure value for commercial transactions. weight 35.881g, length 36.1mm and an early Formatum (that I believe may have been an axe that was bent over) as example: Aes premonetale. Aesformatum, 6th-4th century BC. AE. g. 64.72 mm. 40.00. Former ArtemideKunstauktionen Now, as much as I love coins I do enjoy the occasional comic book as well. Though I'm more of a fan of the Joker, this style of proto money looks hilariously enough like the Batarang that I had been trying to add one to my collection for some time...welp, here it is: ROMAN REPUBLIC Aes Formatum. Centuries VI-IV BCE CENTRAL ITALY or LAZIO. Anv .: Element in semicircular shape on one side and serrated on the other./ Ancient Batarang Condition: Very Fine 83.41 gr 56.70 mm Former Ares Please share your Formatums, Rudes, proto dough, stuff from your heroes utility belt or anything that you catch ancient villains with (seriously this thing could knock a bad guy out if used as bronze knuckles!).