Massive and impressive, the silver half pound of 10 shillings, and the even more massive pound were produced in Oxford by Charles I, following the inconclusive battle of Edgehill on October 23, 1642, when Charles I and his queen, Henrietta moved to Oxford from London to establish their capital. The half pound was produced in 1642 and 1643. This coin, dated 1643, was hammer struck, as were the coins produced for Charles I at Oxford and other mints during the conflict. As a hammer struck coin, this example has good detail, but not the best artistry, especially with the profile of Charles. Still, considering the size of the coin and the skill and strength to produce it, it is still quite exceptional. The obverse of this coin depicts the king, on horseback, trampling arms, an obvious alluding to victory in battle and the prevailing of the Cavaliers or Royalists, was something of an illusion, as the civil war culminated with the trial and execution of Charles I in 1649, and the establishment of the Commonwealth under Oliver Cromwell in 1651. The obverse legend reads CAROLVS: D: G: MAGN: BRIT: FRAN: ET: HIB: REX (Charles, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France and Ireland). The reverse has a declaration design. The inner, horizontal legend reads: RELIG: PROT: LEG / ANG: LIBER: PAR (The religion of the Protestants, the Laws of England, the Liberty of Parliament). The outer legend reads: EXVRGAT: DEVS: DISSIPENTVR: INIMICI (Let God arise and let his enemies be scattered). 45 mm, 11 h. 60.2 grams S-2945A Please post your coins of the English Civil War, a period, while tragic, is steeped in a rich variety of coinage. Thank you.