Steatite Seal. Indus Valley Civilisation. Harappa. Northern India-Pakistan. Circa 2600-1900 BCE. Featuring a sacred bull common among Harappan iconology. Undeciphered Harappan script on the top. I took a light plaster imprint of the seal to avoid damage or flaking of the surface due to thousands of years of exposure and the soft material that is Steatite. nonetheless a remarkably well preserved seal with full details intact. Despite efforts of archeologists and scholars, no one in the world to date is able to decipher the various obscure pictographs found on these seals. Nonetheless they appear prominently on excavated artefacts and often depict common thematic pictures such as the a sacred Bull or unicorn, 3 headed beasts, elephants and human figures in seated meditative posts. Given the soft composite of steatite or "soap stone" many seals reveal traces of damage of breaks. British Museum. source:wikipedia The Bronze Age Indus civilisation of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro rivals in age and advancement to the Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilisations that emerged independently of each other during the dawn of civilisation. Excavations on the site of the Indus civilisation suggested a culture with advanced urbanisation and achievements in mathematics, writing system and measurement sciences. source: wikipedia A thriving civilisation with amenities considered advanced for its age such as brick houses, baths, water supply and elaborate drainage systems, the Harappa and Sister Mohenjo Daro civilisation was expected to house close to tens of thousands of people. Spanning 2 millennia, the cities were suddenly abandoned with no obvious signs of destruction from war or conquest. Theories suggest famine, climate changes or simply the diversion of the river which formed their source of water.