Felt like sharing a little history this week. Image courtesy of Pinnacle Rarities. A coin I used to own. Mintage numbers are in the body of the text. Designed by Augustus Lukeman and distributed by C. Frank Dunn. In 1935 the exploitation of collectors began. Authorized by Congress on May 26, 1934 and issued in commemoration of the two-hundredth anniversary of the birth of Daniel Boone. Design: Obverse: Depicts Daniel Boone. Around the rim is UNITED STATES OF AMERICA – HALF DOLLAR. Reverse: Depicts Daniel Boone with Shawnee Chief Blackfish. Boone is holding a scroll and rifle. Chief Blackfish is holding a tomahawk. To the left of Boone is Boonesboro blockhouse. To the right of Chief Blackfish is a setting sun. To the left it states DANIEL BOONE BICENTENNIAL. To the right it states PIONEER YEAR. In 1934 there is no date on the reverse above PIONEER YEAR. On coins minted from November of 1935 through 1938 a ‘1934’ was placed above PIONEER YEAR to commemorate the anniversary of Boone’s birth year. At the top is seen IN GOD WE TRUST – E PLURIBUS UNUM. “. . . The Daniel Boone Bicentennial Commission was created by the Kentucky Legislature January 30, 1934. Shortly thereafter Mr. Dunn (Secretary of the Commission) went to Washington, personally wrote the bill to create the Pioneer National Monument, to be composed of the sites of Boonesboro, Boone’s Station, Bryan’s Station, and Blue Licks Battlefield, and through the able sponsorship of Senator Alben W. Barkley and Congressman Virgil Chapman had the measure passed and approved by the President. Mr. Dunn also devised the plan of financing the purchase of the shrines by the sale of memorial half-dollar, and secured the same active co-operation in having the latter bill passed and approved. Models for the coin were prepared by Mr. Augustus Lukeman, noted sculptor of New York, at the direction of the Commission, and the half-dollars are expected to be minted by October 1st. The designs embrace a profile of Boone on the obverse side of the coin and, on the reverse side, the scene of the negotiations at Boonesboro between Boone and Chief Black Fish of the Shawnees on the eve of the memorable nine-day siege of Fort Boonesboro in September, 1778. The sale of the coins, which is to be conducted nationally, and the acquisition of the Pioneer National Monument properties will set up, when taken over by the Federal Government as provided for in the Act of Congress, a National Shrine that will be a counterpart west of the Alleghenies of the Colonial Shrine established by the Government in Virginia. It will be a permanent memorial to the valor, the sacrifices, and the conquests of the frontiersmen who played such an important and effective part in the American Revolution. . .”1 1. The Numismatist, Daniel Boone Memorial Half Dollar, January, 1935, p. 23. “. . .To raise funds for the celebration and for the purchase of land for PIONEER NATIONAL MONUMENT Dr. Douglass has suggested that the U.S. Government be asked to mint $50,000 or $100,000 worth of Boone half-dollars to be sold for $1.00 each by the Commission. Dies were made for such a half-dollar in 1921, upon request of the State of Missouri, and these dies could be adjusted to fit the present celebration, Dr. Douglas also suggests that the Yale Press film of Daniel Boone be procured and exhibited to raise funds. The University of Kentucky has this film leased—it consists of three reels—and has offered to make it available to the Commission under their lease. . . THE DANIEL BOONE COIN At the suggestion of Secretary Dunn, the Government was asked to issue 600,000 Daniel Boone half-dollars. The Commission also decided that the Missouri coin was not appropriate, and the commission to design a new coin was awarded to the distinguished New York sculptor, Augustus Lukeman, with the concurrence of the United States Commission on Fine Art. The coin will be a masterpiece of Art. It is proper to say that Mrs. Nellie Tayloe Ross, Director of the Mint, and Miss Mary M. O’Reilly, Assistant Director, are taking an interest in the issuance of a notably artistic and historic coin in commemoration of American Pioneers of the West. . .The credit for the passage of the Boone Coin Bill belongs to Senator Albin W. Barkley and Representative Virgil Chapman, who worked early and late, and won where many bills failed. President Roosevelt also showed an interest in the success of both bills, which were promptly approved on their passage. . .”2 2. American Pioneer Records and the Boone Bulletin, a Magazine of History and Genealogy, Our Pioneer National Monument, published annually by American Order of Pioneers, Incorporated and Boone Family Association, Incorporated, Vol. II, 1933-1934, Whole No. 9 (issued for the year ending June 30, 1934), p. 132-133. Hall of Fame bust of Boone by Albert Polasek. Courtesy of the Snyder Family, Daniel Boone-Media. “To the Secretary of the Boone Bicentennial Commission Frank Dunn from Augustus Lukeman on July 21, 1934, regarding the design of the Daniel Boone Bicentennial Half Dollar. In reference to your letters of July 17 and 18th, I am afraid that we are approaching the subject of the design and execution as well, from opposite angles. First, the profile that was ‘turned down’ and ‘bears no likeness to any known Boone’ is a blow to me. In the first place, the Bust in the Hall of Fame is so placed that the back of it is directly in the lift and the face, facing in, is usually in shadow. It is impossible as the bust is placed to get a profile of it except in silhouette. Since Mr. Douglas has had so much to do with making this composite head, surely he must have photographs of it and if will dispatch to me a photograph of the profile, I shall be very glad to make it more the type of likeness that he has in mind. You say in your letter that the Kentuckians feel that the statue done by Enid Yandell is more the likeness they feel Daniel Boone may have borne. Head and torso detail of statue of Daniel Boone by Enid Yandell on Eastern Parkway in Louisville. The Filson Club commissioned her to sculpt a likeness of pioneer Daniel Boone. Yandell used Boone’s own hunting shirt, flintlock rifle, tomahawk, scalping knife, and powder horn while modeling the statue. She also used The Filson’s portrait of Boone as a guide. The plaster cast of the Boone statue was shown at several exhibitions. It was not until 1906 that C. C. Bickel commissioned the work in bronze for the city of Louisville. Courtesy of Alan Canon at English Wikipedia. Enjoy! Much, much, more to follow.